Conflicting operations in schedule, Database Management System

Conflicting Operations in Schedule:

The three simple ways of interleaved instruction implement of transactions T1 and T2. Please note that in the following tables the first column describes the sequence of instructions that are getting implemented that is the schedule of operations.

a)      T2 is implemented completely before T1 starts, then sum X+Y will show the correct assets

 

Schedule

Transaction T1

Transaction T2

Example

Values

Read X

 

Read X

X = 50000

Read Y

 

Read Y

Y= 100000

Display X+Y

 

Display X+Y

150000

Read X

Read X

 

X = 50000

Subtract 100

Subtract 100

 

49900

Write X

Write X

 

X = 49900

Read Y

Read Y

 

Y= 100000

Add 100

Add 100

 

100100

Write Y

Write Y

 

Y= 100100

 

b)      T1 is implemented completely before T2 starts, then sum X+Y will still show the correct assets:

 

Schedule

Transaction T1

Transaction T2

Example

Values

Read X

Read X

 

X = 50000

Subtract 100

Subtract 100

 

49900

Write X

Write X

 

X = 49900

Read Y

Read Y

 

Y= 100000

Add 100

Add 100

 

100100

Write Y

Write Y

 

Y= 100100

Read X

 

Read X

X = 49900

Read Y

 

Read Y

Y= 100100

Display X+Y

 

Display X+Y

150000

 

c)   Block A in transaction T1 is implemented, followed by complete execution of T2, followed by the Block B of T1.

Schedule

Transaction T1

Transaction T2

Example

Values

Read X

Read X

 

X = 50000

Subtract 100

Subtract 100

 

49900

Write X

Write X

 

X = 49900

Read X

 

Read X

X = 49900

Read Y

 

Read Y

Y= 100000

Display X+Y

 

Display X+Y

149900

Read Y

Read Y

 

Y= 100000

Add 100

Add 100

 

100100

Write Y

Write Y

 

Y= 100100

 

In this implement an incorrect value is being displayed. This is because Rs.100 although deleted from X, has not been put in Y, and is therefore missing. Obviously, if T1 had been written in a different way, starting with block B and following up with block A, even then such an interleaving would have given a dissimilar but incorrect result.

Please note that for the given transaction there are many more ways of this interleaved instruction implement.

Therefore, there may be a problem when the transactions T1 and T2 are allowed to implementation in parallel. Let us define the problems of concurrent implementation of transaction more precisely.

Let us suppose the following transactions (assuming there will not be errors in data while implementation of transactions)

Transaction T3 and T4: T3 reads the balance of account X and subtracts a withdrawal amount of Rs. 5000, while T4 reads the balance of account X and adds an amount of Rs. 3000

 

T3                                               T4

READ X                                    READ X

SUB 5000                                ADD 3000

WRITE X                                  WRITE X

Posted Date: 3/12/2013 1:46:56 AM | Location : United States







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