Complications of phototherapy, Biology

Complications of Phototherapy

i) Insensible water loss: There is increased insensible water loss in infants undergoing phototherapy.

ii) Gastrointestinal effects: Phototherapy is associated with watery diarrhoea and increased faecal water loss. The diarrhoea may be caused by increased bile salts and unconjugated billirubin in the bowel due to decreased out transit time.

iii) Decrease in serum calcium level in preterm infants have been described with phototherapy.

iv) Retinal Damage: It has been described in animals whose eyes have been exposed to phototherapy.

v) Skin: Exposure to wavelengths in the 360-400 mm range may cause erythema and increased skin blood flow.

vi) Bronze Baby Syndrome: Phototherapy should not be used in infants with liver disease or obstructive jaundice. These infants might develop the bronze baby syndrome.

vii) Cell damage: It effects in tissue culture cells exposed to phototherapy have been seen. These include mutation, sister chromated exchange and DNA strand breaks. Hence, it may be wise to shield the scrotum during phototherapy.

viii) Phototherapy upsets the usual maternal infant interaction and should be used judiciously.

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 6:38:15 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Complications of phototherapy, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Complications of phototherapy, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Complications of phototherapy Discussions

Write discussion on Complications of phototherapy
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Population Distribution - Population Parameters and Regulation Dispersion or distribution refers to the pattern of distribution of individuals of a population. As shown in Fig

What are the cell kinds that form the phloem? What are the major features of those cells? The major cells that form the phloem are the sieve elements and the companion cells an

Q. Explain Diseases of pericardium? Pericardium is the sac covering the heart. Pericardium consists of two layers-the visceral pericardium (epicardium) and the parietal pericar

What is meant by encystment

Describe the Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)? A positive pressure may be applied at the end of the expiratory phase during mechanical ventilation, instead of allowing t

what are the biotechnology techniques used in the fisheries?

Sarcodine protozoans are amoebas, and there are two types of them: shelled and naked. As you examine the prepared slides you should be able to see water expulsion vesicle, nucleus,

Explain the term - Seashore Rhythm Test This test consists of 30 pairs of rhythmic patterns. The task is to judge whether the two members of each pair are the same or different

Enumerate the stages in trabecular bone surface remodeling The stages in trabecular bone surface remodeling are: 1. Quiescence - resting state of the bone surface. 2. Act

Monocotyledonous Embryo The early development of the proembryo in monocots follows the same pattern as in the dicots. However, at the time of differentiation in the globular