Common endocrine disorders, Biology

COMMON ENDOCRINE DISORDERS:

We  shall  focus on  two conditions Diabetes mellitus and Diabetes inspidus. 

Diabetes Mellitus 

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disorder of glucose intolerance caused  by deficiency in  insulin production and action, resulting  in  hyperglycemia and abnormal carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism. It  can  be  classified  into three major groups Insulin Dependent  (IDDM),  or  type I: This  is characterized  by catabolism and  the development of ketosis in  the absence of  insulin replacement therapy. Its onset  is typcially in  childhood  and  adolescence but can be at any age 

Non-insulin-dependent  (NIDDM), or  type 11:  It  involves  resistance to insulin action and defective glucose-mediated insulin secretion. Its onset is usually after the age 40. The  persons with  this type of DM  may  or may  not require daily insulin injections. 

Maturity-onset Diabetes  of Youth (MODY):  It is  transmitted  as an autosomal-dominant disorder in which there is formation of structurally abnormal insulin that has decreased biologic activity 

Type I, formerly called juvenile onset or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) most commonly occurs  in  younger children or school aged  children. Type  I  DM  affects as many  as 1  in  500 children. 

Type II diabetes mellitus (formerly called adult onset or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) was formerly found  in  only about 2 per cent of cases of diabetes in  children  and  adolescents. This is rapidly changing, and occurrence of Type  II diabetes is increasing among adolscents.  

Posted Date: 10/26/2012 8:40:24 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Common endocrine disorders, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Common endocrine disorders, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Common endocrine disorders Discussions

Write discussion on Common endocrine disorders
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Which kind of tissue are the cartilaginous and the osseous tissue? The osseous and the cartilaginous tissues are considered connective tissues since they are tissues in whic

species dynamicsresemble what

S y s te m i c Diseases Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract The diseases of gastrointestinal system are manifested by abnormality in prehension, mastication and s

Some of  the  situations  that  concern ethical decisions in nutrition care are as follows: Difficulty of adequate nutritional support of malnourished patients, a) A problem

Q. From which germ layer do blood cells originate? What are other organs and tissues made from that germ layer? Blood cells have a mesodermal embryonic origin and other organs

Exercise- Heat Production During physical activity heat production by exercise can to some extent substitute for heat generated by shivering. However, exercise also tends to

Bone Density The compact bone surrounding dense evenly spaced trabeculae with small cancellous spaces is ideal/suitable for implant placement. Dense or porous cortical bone is

Q. How are animals divided according to their kind of digestive process? At a distance from sponges that do not have a digestive cavity where extracellular digestion takes plac

Infective Endocarditis It is an infection of the endocardial surface with micro organisms present in the lesion. The endocardium is contagions with the valves of the heart.

In what ways can modern agriculture threaten the survival of species? Modern agriculture destroys the natural vegetation (e.g. woodland, hedgerows) on a site, which means a nat