Common communication format, Humanities

COMMON COMMUNICATION FORMAT (CCF)

Although UNESCO had developed the Reference Manual with the help of ICSU/AFB, it had not been accepted by many organisations. These organisations continued to approach Unesco for assistance in developing bibliographic information system. 

In April 1978, the Unesco General Information Programme (Unesco/PGI) sponsored an International Symposium on Bibliographic Exchange formats, which was held in Termini, Sicily. Organised by the UNISIST International Centre for Bibliographic Description (UNIBID) in co-operation with the International Council of Scientific Unions Abstracting Board (ICSUAB), the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) and the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), the Symposium was convened 'to study   98 Format of Catalogue Entries   the desirability and feasibility of establishing maximum compatibility between existing bibliographic exchange formats'. As a result of this Symposium, a resolution passed at the Symposium and Unesco set up the Ad hoc Group for the establishment of the Common Communication Format (CCF). This group consisted of experts from ICSU/AB, ISDS, IFLA, ISO, UNIBID, experts from the group that had devised MEKOF - format of COMECON countries. The group worked on the basis that the new format must be compatible with MEKOF - UNIMARC and UNISIST Reference manual formats and also taking care of the derivatives of these formats like USSR/US exchange format based on UNIMARC and ICSU/AB extension to the reference manual-developed by the four ways committee. This Group decided to follow certain principles, which CCF still follows 

  1. The structure of the format conforms to the international standard ISO 2709. 
  2. The core record consists of a small number of mandatory data elements essential to bibliographic description, identified in a standard manner. 
  3. The mandatory elements are augmented by additional optional data elements, identified in a standard manner. 
  4. A standard technique is used for accommodating levels, relationships, and links between bibliographic entities. 

It was also affirmed that CCF should be more than merely a new format: It should be based on and provide a bridge between the existing major international exchange formats, while taking into account the International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions (ISBD) developed by IFLA. 

The group undertook comparison of all the data elements in the 'Reference Manual', UNIMARC, ISDS Manual, MEKOF-2, ASIDIC/EUSIDIC/ICSU-AB/NFAIS interchange specifications and USSR-US Common Communication Format. With these six standard formats as a guide the group identified a small number of data elements which were used by virtually all information-handling communities; including both libraries and abstracting and indexing organizations. These commonly used data elements form the core of the CCF. 

The first edition of CCF - The Common Communication Format was published in 1984 and the second edition in 1988. Bibliographic agencies around the world developed national and local formats based on the CCF The first CCF user's group meeting was held at Geneva in 1989 and users recommended some minor changes for incorporation in the later editions. Unesco has brought out 'Implementation Notes' for users of the CCF, which explains how various features of the CCF may be implemented within the constraints of local computer software and provides further information on-the use of the bibliographic data elements. 

Posted Date: 10/25/2012 9:01:32 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Common communication format, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Common communication format, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Common communication format Discussions

Write discussion on Common communication format
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
How was the development of ecology as a science affected by global exploration

Coverage by Kind of Documents I & A periodicals are also devoted to specific kinds of documents such as periodical articles, patents, theses, conference proceedings, translati

Universal A universal bibliography is one that includes everything that is issued, published, or processed in the field of knowledge from the beginning to the future. Dr. Ra

KEY WORD INDEXING MODELS   Computers began to be used to aid information retrieval system in the 1950s. The first use of computers in information  retrieval was  the production

Male with Alcohol Dependence and at Risk of Withdrawal Tomat who is a 46 year old, obese, sales manager for a brewery, who was admitted to an alcohol and drug treatment centre

Do you guys provide American art assignment help. I need writing a report on American art and it is about 2000 words. Let me know. I need to buy your solution.

TYPES OF BIBLIOGRAPHY Bibliographies are regarded as most important tools in libraries and documentation centers. This is due to the fact that they allow free flow of bibliogr

Types of Thesauri   Based on the nature of terminology control, there are mainly two types of thesauri:  a) controlled thesauri which allow only one term (preferred term) to

ALPHABETICAL INDEXING LANGUAGES   In this section let us look at the  concept of indexing language, its categories  and functional use. Let us begin with the meaning of 'indexi

Current Contents Current Contents (CC) includes content pages of important journals in different fields to provide a quick current awareness service. CC is a weekly service to