Collection policy, Finance Basics

Collection Policy

The firm's collection policy may affect also our study.  The higher the cost of collecting accounts obtainable the lower the bad debt losses.  Therefore the firm must consider if the reduction in bad debt is extra than the increase in collection costs.

As saturation point improved expenditure in collection efforts does not conclude in reduced bad debt and hence the firm must not spend more after reaching this point.

Demonstration

Riffruff Ltd is assuming relaxing its credit standards. The firm's current credit terms are net 30 but the average debtor's collection period is 45 days.  Current annual credit sales amounts to of Sh.6, 000,000.  The firm wants to extend credit duration net 60.  Sales are expected to increase by 20 percent.  Bad debts will rise from 2 percent to 2.5 percent of annual credit sales.  Credit analysis and debt collection costs will increase with Sh.4, 000 p.a.  The return on investment in debtors is 12 percent for of Sh.100 of sales, of Sh.75 are variable costs.  Suppose 360 days p.a.  Should the firm transform the credit policy?

Suggested Solution

Current sales                                         =       Sh.6, 000,000

New sales   =       Sh.6, 000,000 x 1.20    =       Sh.7,200,000

Contribution margin =  Sh.100 - Sh.75     =       Sh.25

Therefore contribution margin ratio          = (Sh.25/Sh.100)* 100  =       25%

Cost advantage analysis

Contribution Margin

New policy           25% x 7,200,000                   =         1,800

Current policy               25% x 6,000,000           =         1,500          =       300

Credit analysis and debt collection costs                                                   (84)

Bad debts

New bad debts       =        2.5% x 7,200,000          =          180

Current bad debts   =      2% x 6,000,000             =           120                  (60)

Debtors

New debtors        = Cr.period/360 days x cr. Sales p.a.

                          =        (60/360) * 7,200,000  

                           =        1,200

Current debtors    =        (45/360) * 6, 00,000   

                         =           750

Increase in debtors (tied up capital)                     450

Forgone profits    =        12% x 450                     (54)

Net benefit (cost)                                             102

Hence, change the credit policy.

Posted Date: 1/31/2013 8:19:59 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Collection policy, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Collection policy, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Collection policy Discussions

Write discussion on Collection policy
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Actions of Shareholders in Agency Conflict a) Disposal of assets required like collateral for the debt in this. In this case the bondholder is exposed to more risk becaus


Bills of Exchange Bills of Exchange are a source of finance in specifically in the export trade. A bill of swapping is an unconditional arrange in writing addressed via one pe

Business Activity Cycle The interest rates also depend on business cycles as above. Because the economy moves in the four (4) business cycles, such interest rates will shift l

Liquidity Preference Theory This theory states that short term bonds are extremely favorable than long term bonds for two (2) purposes. 1. Investors usually prefer short te

Investment  Attributes/  Factors  Influencing  Selection  of  Investment In  choosing specific  investments,  investors  would require definite  ideas  regarding  features

thew amount of money investedin a retirement fund is an example of

Show that for any constant 0=a=1, C(aK1 + (1-a)K2) = aC(K1) + (1-a)C(K2) where C(k) is the European option price with strike K. All the options in this question are assumed to be

Computation of Payback Period Method 1. Under uniform annual incremental cash inflows - if the venture or an asset generates uniform cash inflows then the payback period (PB

Importance of Interest Rates These are of a specifically relevance to a finance manager since: i) They measure the cost of borrowing. ii) Interest rates in a country influen