Clinical manifestations of chronic bronchitis, Biology

Clinical Manifestations

Early Symptoms

Symptoms are episodic in nature or continuous with very little response to bronchodialators. Productive cough especially on awakening which many people specially the cigarette smokers often ignore. Grayish white sputum, when infected, yellowish' sputum.

Inspiratory Crackles (Rales)

Late Symptoms

Significant physical incapacity, breathlessness even when walking on a flat surface, noticeable shortness of breath (SOB). As disease progresses in severity, symptoms are present constantly. Increased dyspnea using accessory muscles to breathe. Chronic hypoxemia leads to cyanosis. Increased pulmonary vascular resistance caused by respiratory acidosis and hypoxemia increases pressure on right heart resulting right heart failure (Cor pulmonale). The person appears stout or overweight from edema, dusky skin. Rt. Side heart failure may be indicated by jugular venous distention, hepatomegaly, peripheral edema. Respiratory acidosis, hypoxemia, polycythemia, tachycardia, cynosis.

Chronic bronchitis complicated by corpulmonale often have chronic respiratory failure (gradual onset of PaO,< 50, and PaCO,> 50) may develop acute respiratory failure.

Posted Date: 11/2/2012 7:05:16 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Clinical manifestations of chronic bronchitis, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Clinical manifestations of chronic bronchitis, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Clinical manifestations of chronic bronchitis Discussions

Write discussion on Clinical manifestations of chronic bronchitis
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Vitamin B Complex The vitamin B complex comprises the vitamins B 1 , B 2 , B 6 and B 12 as well as the vitamin B factors biotin, folic acid, nicotinic acid and its amide as w

Coevolutionary relationships between parasites and their hosts can be more complicated than between predators and their prey. As in the case of prey-predator relationship, one can

Why does DNA twist? If it did not twist, would you expect it to fit into the miniscule cell? As we all know, if we join all of the DNA molecules from a person's body end to en

A bee visits several flowers in succession on a single willow herb plant. In doing so, the bee transfers pollen from the younger flowers, near the top of the inflorescence (group o

Q. Explain Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract? The diseases and disorders of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Have you ever suffered from abnormal symptoms of the gastroin

Chronic Mitral Regurgitation :  In chronic mitral regurgitation, the asymptomatic phase is much longer than in mitral stenosis. Onset of symptoms may also mean the onset of l

What is Simple Transposition in Neonates ? A baby with this malformation needs to be operated without delay. A very cyanosed infant will require palliation by balloon arteries

What characteristics distinguish fungi from plants? Fungi contain some unicellular forms, but plants do not; most plants are autotrophic, but all fungi are heterotrophic. Fungi

Q. Morphology in relation to taxonomy? Morphology is the basic tool of taxonomy, because identification is primarily based on the characters of the plant. The morphological cha