Circulatory system - blood vessels, Biology

BLOOD VESSELS -

  • Some vessles supply blood to wall of large vessels these are vessel of vessels or vasa vasorum.
  • Mainly artery and vein, 2 types of vessels present.
  • Third one is capillary - discovered by Marcillo Malpighi, thin, present in organ, only inner layer in wall present.
  • In man 10 billion capillaries present.
  • They may form 150,000 miles rope.
  • In vein blood flows mainly by contraction of body muscles & suction created by diastole of heart.
  • In wall of blood vessels 3 layers present.

1. Tunica Externa - Made up of connective tissue, collagen fibres present.

2. Tunica media - Thick, made up of smooth muscles arranged in circular way.

3. Tunica interna - Inner most layer. Outerly made up of yellow elastin fibre. Inner layer is of endothelial cells.

S.NO.

ARTERY

VEIN

1.

 

2.

 

 

 

3.

 

4.

 

5.

 

6.

 

7.

 

8.

 

9.

 

10.

Carry blood away from heart

 

Pure blood flows

 

(in pulmonary artery impure blood flows)

 

Blood flows with jerk

 

Blood flows with more pressure

 

Walls are thick

 

Lumen is narrow

 

Not collapse after death

 

Deeply placed

 

Valve absent

 

Wall firm

Towards heart

 

Impure blood flows

 

(In pulmonary vein pure blood flows)

 

Steady

 

Less pressure

 

Thin

 

Broad

 

Collapse

 

Superficially placed

 

Present to check back flow

 

Elastic

Posted Date: 10/2/2012 12:39:15 AM | Location : United States







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