CIM and Holonic Manufacturing System
The improvement of computer integrated manufacturing has demonstrated that the automation has the same potential such that of computers in business administrations. Computer integrated manufacturing has developed from programmable logic control and individual machine controller to overall production control systems based upon information network. Latest developments are aiming at standardized communication channel and open system with the probability to transfer and process each kind of information on the shop floor. The process equipment's controls have access to all information in real time. They are not only capable to communicate along with central system but also along with each other. Overall, the major shortcoming is to overcome the complexities encountered to utilize these functionalities. In that observation Holonic manufacturing system is an execution strategy for the further development of computer integrated manufacturing. HMS can be considered like a software technology on the top level of communication infrastructure in networked manufacturing machines enabling the employ of large information resources for decentralized decision making. Thus, Holonic control systems are the origin for the effectual utilize of advanced Computer Integrated Manufacturing.