Chordata and its characteristics, Biology

Phylum Chordata-

Chordata name given by Balfour.

Herst put hemichordata into separate phylum. Lamarck gave the word tunicata & vertebrata.

Pisces classified by Romer. Amphibia classified by G.K. Noble.

There are 65,000 species of chordata.

Pisces is largest class, having 33,000 species. Amphibia is smallest class having 2500 species.

CHARACTERS OF CHORDATA -

1.      Total animals are 3-5% of animal kingdom. Notochord or chorda dorsalis present in any stage of life cycle.

2.      Gill slits present in any stage of life cycle. Nervous system is dorsal, single & hollow. Post anal tail present.

3.      Mouth after first segment. Anus before last segment.

4.      Liver is present. Heart is ventrally placed.

5.      Flow of blood on dorsal side, anterior to posterior. Flow of blood on ventral side, posterior to anteriror.

6.      R.B.C. present. Circulatory system closed. Alimentary canal is placed ventral to nerve cord.

7.      Symmetry bilateral. Organ system grade. Triploblastic animals. True coelomate. Enterocoelic

8.      Unisexual. Sexual reproduction present. Larvae generally absent.

9.      Power of regeneration less. Cold blooded / warm blooded.

10.     Portal system present.

629_chordata.png Chordata is divided into 2 parts -

1. Protochordata              2. Vertebrata

 

S.No.

Character

Protochordata

Vertebrata

 

1

 

2

3

4

5

6

 

Notochord or chorda dorsalis

 

Habitat

Feeding

Evolution

Size

Endostyle

 

Present in original form

 

Marine

Cilliary

Early

Small

Present

 

Converted into vertebral column & cranium

 

All habitats

May be

Late

Large

Thyroid gland present

Posted Date: 10/1/2012 1:23:01 AM | Location : United States







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