Chemical action in lead acid battery, Physics

Chemical action in lead acid battery:

When the lead acid battery is delivering current, the sulphuric acid breaks up into Hydrogen ions (H2) carrying a positive charge and Sulphate ions (SO4) carrying a negative charge. The SO4 ions combine with the lead plate (Pb) and form lead sulphate (PbSO4). At the same time they give up their negative charge, thus creating an excess of electrons on the negative plate.

529_chemical action of lead battery.png

The H2 ions go to the positive plate and combine with the oxygen of the lead peroxide (PbO2) forming water (H2O), during the process they take electrons from the positive plate. The lead of the lead peroxide combines with some of the SO4 ions to form lead sulphate on the positive plate.

The result of this action is a deficiency of electrons on the positive plate and an excess of electrons on the negative plate.

When a circuit is connected to the battery, electrons flow from the negative plate to the positive plate. This process will continue until both plates are coated with lead sulphate. The lead sulphate is highly resistive, and it is mainly the formation of the lead sulphate which gradually lowers the battery capacity until it is discharged.

During charging, current is passed through the battery in a reverse direction. The SO4 ions are driven back into solution in the electrolyte, where they combine with the H2 ions of the water, thus forming sulphuric acid. The plates are thus returned to their original compositions.

The sulphuric acid is effectively used up as the battery is discharged, and returned to the electrolyte as it is charged, a test of the specific gravity of the electrolyte will give a good indication of the state of charge of the battery.

 

 

 

 

Posted Date: 9/13/2012 2:03:08 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Chemical action in lead acid battery, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Chemical action in lead acid battery, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Chemical action in lead acid battery Discussions

Write discussion on Chemical action in lead acid battery
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
An electron follows a helical path in a uniform mag-netic field of magnitude 0.300 T. The pitch of the path is 6.00 um, and the magnitude of the magnetic force on the elec-tron is

Two grating A and B have the same width of the ruled surface but A has greater number of lines. Giving reasons compare in two cases (a) Intensity (b) Width of principal maxim

Experiencing a constant horizontal 1.10 m/s wind, a hot-air balloon ascends from the launch site at a constant vertical speed of 2.70 m/s. At a height of 202 m, the balloonist main

Draw the symbolic representation of a (i) p-n-p, (ii) n-p-n transistor. Why is the base region of transistor thin and lightly doped? With proper circuit diagram, show the biasin

Q. In the given circuit, calculate the potential differences across each resistor Solution : i) R s = R 1 + R 2 + R 3 = 10Ω ii) Current in circuit I = V/R s

write a note on pascal discovry in helping to make hydrolic jacks

Q. Write an expression for interest rate parity under the condition of imperfect asset substitutability. Answer:  R = R* + (E e - E)/E + a where R denotes the risk premium tha

What is the principle of generating ultrasonic waves? The general principle comprised in generating ultrasonic waves is to reasons some dense material to vibrate very quickly.

A parallel plate capacitor is made from 25 plates, each 70mmby 120mm interleaved with mica of relative permittivity 5. If the capacitance of the capacitor is 3000pF verify the

explain and illustrate how pure spectrum is formed