Centrifugal air compressor, Mechanical Engineering

Centrifugal air compressor:

A centrifugal air compressor delivers 15Kg of air per minute. The outlet and inlet conditions are

At inlet: Velocity = 5m/sec, enthalpy = 5KJ/kg

At outlet: Velocity = 7.5m/sec, enthalpy = 173KJ/kg

Heat loss to the cooling water is 756KJ/min find:

(1)  The power of motor required to drive compressor.

(2)  Ratio of inlet pipe diameter to outlet pipe diameter when specific volumes of air at inlet and outlet are 0.5m3/kg and 0.15m3/kg correspondingly. Inlet and outlet lines are at same level.

Sol: Device: Centrifugal compressor Mass flow rate mf  = 15Kg/min Condition at inlet:


611_Centrifugal air compressor.png

V1  = 5m/sec; h1  = 5KJ/kg

Condition at exit:

V2  = 7.5m/sec; h3  = 173KJ/kg

Heat loss to cooling water Q =  -756 KJ/min


138_Centrifugal air compressor1.png

WS= -3276.23KJ/min = - 54.60KJ/sec                              .......ANS

(negative sign indicate that work done on the system) Thus the power of motor required to drive the compressor is 54.60KW

Mass flow rate at inlet = Mass flow rate at outlet = 15kg/min = 15/60 kg/sec

Mass flow rate at inlet = mf1  = A1.V1/  ν1

15/60 = A1  × 5/0.5

A1  = 0.025m2

Now; Mass flow rate at outlet = mf2  = A2.V22

15/60 = A2  × 7.5/0.15

2046_Centrifugal air compressor2.png

Thus the ratio of inlet pipe diameter to outlet pipe diameter is 2.236

Posted Date: 10/15/2012 9:25:24 AM | Location : United States

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