Cash and Bonus Issue - Dividend
For a firm to pay cash dividends, it should contain adequate liquid funds.Though, under conditions of liquidity and financial constraints, a firm can pay stock dividend or Bank matter. Bonus matter involves matter of additional shares for free or instead of cash in their shareholding proportion to existing shareholders. Stock dividend or Bonus matter involves capitalization of retained earnings and does not rises the wealth of shareholders. This is since R. Earnings is converted into shares.