Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening, Civil Engineering

Carbonate Hardness (CH) - Water Softening

  • Ca+2, Mg+2 combining with alkalinity (OH-, CO3-2, HCO3-). If alkalinity is present in water the CH will be equal to alkalinity but cannot exceed total hardness.
  • temporary hardness (removed by heating the water)



Posted Date: 5/30/2013 5:56:39 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening Discussions

Write discussion on Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain Chlorine Residuals Free Chlorine Residuals: Cl 2 , HOCl, OCl-   Combined Chlorine Residuals: Chloramines (mono, di and tri chloramines) The disinfecting ability o

State the process to calculate the Transmission Length It is the distance required at the end of a concrete member for developing the maximum tendon stress by bond.

Determine the Limit State of Serviceability Cracking Cracking of concrete should not affect the appearance or durability of the structure. The criteria of limit state of cracki

What''re the procedures of contouring by graphical interpolation

Q. Mechanism of plastic settlement in fresh concrete? Within a few hours after placing of fresh concrete, plastic concrete can experience cracking due to occurrence of plastic

Q. What is Portal Cranes? The Portal crane is a hydraulically driven four wheeled machine and is meant for carrying sleepers or track panels. The power for running and working

A retaining wall 9 m high retains granular fill weighing 18 kN/m 3 with level surface. The active thrust on the wall is 180 kN per metre length of the wall. The height of the wall

how to calculate loads acting on a simple supported beam of 220width by 425 depth #Minimum 100 words accepted#

A certain soil has 99% by weight finer than 1 mm, 80% finer than 0.1 mm, 25% finer than 0.01 mm, 8% finer than 0.001 mm. Draw the grain-size distribution curve and determine the pe