Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening, Civil Engineering

Carbonate Hardness (CH) - Water Softening

  • Ca+2, Mg+2 combining with alkalinity (OH-, CO3-2, HCO3-). If alkalinity is present in water the CH will be equal to alkalinity but cannot exceed total hardness.
  • temporary hardness (removed by heating the water)

 

 

Posted Date: 5/30/2013 5:56:39 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening Discussions

Write discussion on Define Carbonate hardness (ch) - water softening
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
how to calculate various quantities of materials for wet mix macadam and dense bitumen macadam

WHAT IS TRANSVERSE AND LONGITUDINAL REINFORCEMENT?

Softening Point Test: The temperature at which bitumen softens is determined by the "Ring and Ball" test (Figure). (a) Diagram of Apparatus at Beginning of Test  (b

Q. Full bore flow in drainage design? In the design of gravity drainage pipes, full bore flow capacity is usually adopted to check against design runoff. Though one should note

Question What is main dissimilarity among cement plaster , cement render and cement screed ? Under what state each of above can be used? Answer Purpose of plaster

Roads in Hilly Areas: (a)        The alignment selected should attain the changes in elevation by adopting the ruling gradient to the maximum length. Limiting and exceptional

Q. Explain Dissolved Impurities in water? The impurities which are caused by the action of water and water forming Acids with organic matter and carbon dio



Example: Convert the following reduced bearings into whole circle bearings: (i) N 65° E                           (ii) S 43° 15′ E (iii) S 52° 30′ W           (iv)