Calculating unknown resistances by wheatstone bidge, Physics

Calculating unknown resistances

The current through the galvanometer (G) - a very sensitive ammeter, is reduced to zero by adjusting R4.  The bridge is then said to be balanced.  When the bridge is balanced, the voltage at A is equal to the voltage at B and no current flows between A and B.

424_wheat stone bridge.png


Hence       VR1             =       VR2

          therefore   I1 ´ R1           =       I2 ´ R2 ------------- (1)  (by Ohm's law)

          Also           VR3             =       VR4

          therefore   I1 ´ R3        =       I2 ´ R4 ------------- (2)



Dividing (1) by (2) 1368_Calculating unknown resistances.png


Therefore the unknown resistor  R3  = 1887_Calculating unknown resistances1.png    (all known values)

In calculations it is possible for any of the four resistors to be unknown.  However, provided that the bridge is balanced, the theory remains the same and all that is required is to transpose the equation to find the unknown 


Posted Date: 9/13/2012 3:51:58 AM | Location : United States

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