Calculate the actual machining time, Mechanical Engineering

Calculate the Actual Machining Time

Estimate the actual machining time required for the component of diameter 42 mm and length 120 mm. The available speeds are 70, 110, 176, 280, 440, 700, 1100, 1760 and 2800. Use a roughing speed of 30 m/min and finish speed of 60 m/min. the feed roughing is 0.24 mm/rev. while that for finishing is 0.10 mm/rev. The maximum depth of cut for roughing is 2 mm. Finish allowance might be taken as 0.75 mm. Blank to be utilized for machining is 50 mm in diameter.

Solution

Stock to be removed = (50 - 42)/4 = 4 mm

Finish allowance = 0.75 mm

Roughing

Stock available = 4 - 0.75 = 3.25 mm

Since maximum depth of cut to be taken is 2 mm, there are two roughing passes.

Given cutting speed V = 30 m/min

Average depth of cut = (50 + 42)/2 = 46 mm

Spindle speed N = (1000 × 30) / (π× 46) = 207.59 rpm

The nearest rpm available from the list is 176 rpm as 280 is very high compared to 207 as calculated.

Machining time for one pass =(120 + 2) / (0.24 × 176) = 2.898 minutes

Finishing

 Given cutting speed V = 60 m/min

 Spindle speed N = (1000 × 30)/ (π× 42)  = 439.05 rpm

The nearest rpm available from the list is 440 rpm

Machining time for one pass = (120 × 2 )/ (0.10 × 440)

                                                  = 2.77 minutes

Total machining time = 2 × 2.888 + 2.77 = 8.546 minutes

Posted Date: 12/24/2012 4:49:12 AM | Location : United States







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