Business Activity Cycle
The interest rates also depend on business cycles as above. Because the economy moves in the four (4) business cycles, such interest rates will shift like within economic recessions, short-term interest rates experience sharp decline than L.T interest rates. This is just because of the following reasons:
i. The CBK operates mainly in the S.T Sector (market) and its intervention has a major effect on S.T interest rates.ii. L.T interest rates usually reflect the average supposed inflation rate over the next 10 - 20 years.These expectations do not change usually because L.T interest rates are fixed because of debt covenants entered into throughout borrowing time.