Bronsted-lowry theory, Chemistry

Fundamentals of Acids and Bases

Bronsted-Lowry theory:

A Bronsted acid is a (proton) + donor, whilst a Brønsted base is a proton acceptor. An acid-base reaction involves the exchange of a proton between a base and an acid. An acid reacts with water to produce the hydronium ion, a conjugate base, and H3O+. A base reacts with water to produce the OH-, hydroxide ion, and a conjugate acid.

A reaction between an acid and a base (an acid-base reaction) involves the exchange of a proton, for example:

HCl+NH3→Cl-+NH4+

These definitions apply under all conditions, but the most important acid-base systems use water as a solvent. In this case, equilibria are set up in water, which for HA (a general acid) is:

 

724_bronsted lowry theory.png

and for B (a general base) is:

1907_bronsted lowry theory1.png 

 

 

Posted Date: 7/20/2012 3:40:48 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Bronsted-lowry theory, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Bronsted-lowry theory, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Bronsted-lowry theory Discussions

Write discussion on Bronsted-lowry theory
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
how can we distilled aniline under reduced pressure distillation

why element belonging to group 3 to 12 are trnsicition element

Chart of IUPAC NOMENCLATURE

what is antifertility drugs ? definition with example

Q.   What are the requirements of drinking water? Explain various methods used for the sterilization of water for municipal supply. ANS. Requirements of drinking water: The e

Calculate the expected enthalpy of hydrogenation of a six-membered ring with three double bonds and compare it with the value obtained in 74.1. What is the reason for this diffe

Explain classification of arches according to shapes raw a neat sketch of Flemish bond (1 brick wall and 1.5 brick wall thickness ).

Explain propene In propene, the H 3 C-C bond dipole adds vectorially to the smaller H-C bond dipole; the resultant is smaller than the H 3 C-C bond dipole itself, as th

Question 1: (i) With the aid of a diagram, briefly explain the natural environmental system. (ii) Explain the green house effect, and give 2 examples of green house gases

The mass of a photon with a wavelength equal to  1.54 x 10 -8 cm  is: (1) 0.8268 x 10 -34 kg                      (2) 1.287 x10 -33 kg         (3)1.4285x 10 -32 k