Briefly explain the term depreciation, Accounting Basics

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Question:

Part A:

Briefly explain the term "depreciation" and give three reasons why do we need to provide for depreciation on fixed assets during a financial year.

Part B:

The following information is available for the year ended 31 December 2007 for Rooney Ltd:

Provision for depreciation (as at 01 January 2007) Rs 25,000
Fixed Assets at costs (as at 01 January 2007) Rs 125,000

Fixed Assets acquired on 01 March 2007 Rs 50,000
Fixed Assets acquired on 01 April 2008 Rs 15,000

(a) Calculate the depreciation figure for the years ended 31 December 2007 and 2008 using:

(i) 20% straight line method of depreciation
(ii) 20% reducing balance method of depreciation

(b) What will be the net book value of Fixed Assets as at 31 December 2007 and 2008 using both methods?


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