Breathing or ventilation, Biology


15-16 / minute (In Rabbit 36-38). In children 35 / 1 minute.


  • In take of air is known as inspiration. First of all external I.C.M. is contracted.
  • Ribs become straight. Sternum comes out 1.5 cm. It is thoracic breathing (25%).
  • Radial muscles of diaphragm are contracted. It becomes flat.
  • It is abdominal breathing or true breathing (75%). Both breathing collectively known as Eupnia.
  • Thoracic breathing takes place in deep breath only. It gets stimulation from cerebrum.
  • Due to all volume of thoracic cavity is increased & pressure is decreased. (1-3 mm Hg than 760 mm Hg).
  • To fullfil this pressure air enters into lungs.

1574_inspiration and expiration.png

2.      EXPIRATION -

  • All muscles are relaxed so it is passive process. Volume is decreased.
  • Pressure is increased (1-3 mm Hg than 760 mm Hg). Air is given out.
Posted Date: 10/1/2012 8:58:29 AM | Location : United States

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