Binomial nomenclature, Biology

Binomial Nomenclature

The modern system of classification (Binomial nomenclature) accepted by biologists today was proposed in 1758 by the Swedish botanist Linnaeus (1707-1778) in his 'Systema Natura'. This system was based on morphology. Linnaeus proposed that each type of organism should be given a unique Latin binomial (consisting of two terms) to set it apart from every other type of organism. The first word in this binomial designates the genus to which the species belongs.

A genus (plural: genera) contains one or more closely related and similar species. The second word in the binomial denotes the species itself, For example, according to this system, the domestic cat is Fe is domestica. This indicates that the domestic cat has been placed in the genus Felis and within that genus, has been given the specific or species epithet domestica. This complete name distinguishes the domestic cat from other species in the genus Felis, such as Felis bengalensis (leopard cat) and Felis chaus (jungle cat).

It also means that all species coming under the genus Feliis are more closely related and similar to one another than to species coming under any other genus. The generic name always begins with a capital. The specific name on the other hand begins always with a small letter. Both 'the generic and the specific names are italicised in print or are underlined in manuscript or typescript.

Posted Date: 1/12/2013 3:19:52 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Binomial nomenclature, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Binomial nomenclature, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Binomial nomenclature Discussions

Write discussion on Binomial nomenclature
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Mineralisation and Humification As a result of physical weathering, the rocks are broken down into smaller particles. But this is not the true soil, and plants cannot grow well

Components of a Balanced Diet Food which we eat, has effect on the growth and development, and the maintenance of normal body functions. Hence, a good balanced diet is needed t

The important functional characteristics of soy protein The most important functional characteristics of soy protein concentrates are water-binding (water adsorption) capacity,

Q. How is extracellular digestion related to tissue and cellular specialization? A variety of specialized tissues and cells appeared with extracellular digestion to provide enz

What makes the cluster of atoms of carboxylic acid functional group an acid? a) a non-polar O-H bond near another electronegative oxygen. b) an ionic O-H bond near another el

How do genetic mutations influence biological diversity? Too frequent or too extensive genetic mutations usually are deleterious for individuals and species. These mutations fr

The ventricles are separated from each other by the interventricular septum and the atria are separated from each other by the interatrial septum. The interior of the right atrium

why their is different amount of yolk is present in eggs.

Q. How can the tubular-dorsal nervous system in chordates be compared to the nervous pattern present in invertebrates? In chordates the nervous system is dorsal and highly ceph

What is xaxim? Most pteridophytes have subterraneous stems similar to the substrate called as rhizomes. Xaxim is a kind of pteridophyte with an aerial stem in generally perpend