Binomial nomenclature, Biology

Binomial Nomenclature

The modern system of classification (Binomial nomenclature) accepted by biologists today was proposed in 1758 by the Swedish botanist Linnaeus (1707-1778) in his 'Systema Natura'. This system was based on morphology. Linnaeus proposed that each type of organism should be given a unique Latin binomial (consisting of two terms) to set it apart from every other type of organism. The first word in this binomial designates the genus to which the species belongs.

A genus (plural: genera) contains one or more closely related and similar species. The second word in the binomial denotes the species itself, For example, according to this system, the domestic cat is Fe is domestica. This indicates that the domestic cat has been placed in the genus Felis and within that genus, has been given the specific or species epithet domestica. This complete name distinguishes the domestic cat from other species in the genus Felis, such as Felis bengalensis (leopard cat) and Felis chaus (jungle cat).

It also means that all species coming under the genus Feliis are more closely related and similar to one another than to species coming under any other genus. The generic name always begins with a capital. The specific name on the other hand begins always with a small letter. Both 'the generic and the specific names are italicised in print or are underlined in manuscript or typescript.

Posted Date: 1/12/2013 3:19:52 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Binomial nomenclature, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Binomial nomenclature, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Binomial nomenclature Discussions

Write discussion on Binomial nomenclature
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
WHAT IS THE CLASSIFICATION OF PROTOZOA ..

Define Reagents - Nelson Somogyi Method for Glucose Estimation? 1. Alkaline copper reagent Alkaline A- Buy commercial from SDS chemicals etc Alkaline B- Weigh 6.25 g anhy

What is the meaning of Reitan's program Reitan's program can be conceptualised as an effort to demonstrate the usefulness nad accuracy of Halstead's tests and related procedure

A cleavage furrow appears in the middle of the cell, deepens gradually and divides the cell into two. Thus, at the end of second meiotic division, four daughter cells are formed

Mass transportation is the access or the exiting of substances in or from the cell engulfed by portions of membrane. The fusion of internal substance-having membranous vesicles wit

Explains how selective breeding methods could be used to produce a population of cats with the short legs. Selective breeding E1: bases explanation on the assumption t

Q. What are the poriferans? The phyla Porifera include the simplest creatures of the animal kingdom. Sponges are aquatic sessile beings they are not able to move by themselves

The Environmental resistance is the action of limiting biotic and abiotic factors that disallow the growth of a population as it would grow according to its biotic potential. In fa

Q. What are the cells that form the cartilaginous tissue? The main cells of the cartilages are the chondrocytes originated from the chondroblasts that secrete the intersticial

Explain what is Molds ? Zygomycota, or molds, are a type of fungus made of filamentous hyphae that grow on decomposing material. The molds actually aid in the decomposition pro