THE BALANCE SHEET CONCEPTS
According to Howard, a Balance Sheet might be definite as - 'a statement which reports the principles owned by the enterprise and the assert of the creditors and owners next to these properties'.
The Balance Sheet is a declaration that is ready typically on the last day of the accounting year, showing the financial situation of the anxiety as on that date. It comprises of a list of possessions liabilities and capital. An asset is any right or thing that is owned by a business. Assets comprise land, buildings, tools and something else a business owns that can be known significance in money provisions for the intention of financial reporting. To obtain its assets, a business may have to get money from a variety of sources in accumulation to its owners (shareholders) or from retained profits. The various amounts of money payable by a business are called its liabilities. To offer extra information to the user, assets and liabilities are typically described in the balance sheet as:
- Current: those due to be repaid (Current liabilities) or transformed into cash within 12 months of the balance sheet date (Current Assets).
- Long-term: those due to be repaid (Long term liabilities) or transformed into cash other than 12 months after the balance sheet date (Fixed Assets).