Bacterial diseases-sheep and goats, Biology

Sheep and goats

The disease is readily transmissible to human being from goats, and is known as Malta fever, Mediterranean fever or undulant fever. The chief causal agent is Br. melitensis. Br. ovis is the cause in some of the temperate countries. The organism also infects other animals including cattle and swine.

A large number of organisms are eliminated during abortion. The mode of entry is by ingestion or via conjunctiva. The aborted foetus, vaginal discharges and milk from infected goats contain a large number of organisms.

State of abortion may occur in infected sheep and goats followed by a quiescent period during which a few abortions occur. The aborting animals do not breed.

Gross lesions are almost absent in the spleen and other organs although a large number of organisms can be recovered from these organs.

It is not possible to diagnose brucellosis on the basis of symptoms alone. The suspicion is aroused when humans in contact suffer from undulant fever, and there is poor breeding record in goat herd and evidence of mastitis. The diagnosis can be done by the isolation of organisms and by serological tests.

Treatment-There is no adequate treatment.

This is based on hygiene, vaccination, testing and disposal. Good management practice is essential. Separate quarters should be provided for kidding. Immunization can be done with attenuated (Rev 1) as well as killed vaccines (H-38). However, there is no vaccine available for prophylaxis in India. The test and disposal procedure is highly desirable.

Posted Date: 9/17/2012 5:43:24 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Bacterial diseases-sheep and goats, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Bacterial diseases-sheep and goats, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Bacterial diseases-sheep and goats Discussions

Write discussion on Bacterial diseases-sheep and goats
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Assignment on CAM

Explain the types of Carrageenan It was first produced commercially from the red algae, Chandrus crispus, found along the northeast shores of the U.S and Canada and referred t

Explain the Characteristics of Agar- Agar? There are many characteristics, which make agar-agar, an ideal solidifying agent. These are: (a) It has high gel strength, so it c

Explain What are analogies for mitochondria? Ans) Well, as we know, the mitochondria are the producers of lots of a cell's energy and the nucleolus makes ribosome's.

Gastrointestinal System The purpose of digestion is to change the food by chemical action and convert it into simple form to be utilized by various tissues. The process of dige

how can i work with u as an online biology tutor?

detail information about ave?

Blood from the fetus circulates through the placenta. a) What substances pass (i) from the maternal to the fetal blood, (ii) from the fetal to the maternal blood?

Within the cytosol which series of enzymes in order convert citrate back into pyruvate: -citrate lyase, malate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme - citrate synthase malate dehydroge

Q. What is the relation between the concepts of chromosome and chromatin? Are heterochromatin and euchromatin part of chromosomes? Every filament of chromatin is a complete DNA