Atelectasis and Pneumonia
Signs and symptoms are LV failure, hypovolemia, hypervolemia or renal vasoconstriction. Decreased breath sounds, poor ABG and poor cough reflex are seen. The causes may be underlying respiratory disease (COPD), decreased chest expansion and respiratory depression, pulmonary oedema, perfusion/ventilation defect, thrombo emboli. Treatment is according to the cause and appropriate respiratory care.