Asymmetric cash matching, Financial Management

Assignment Help:

When a set of predetermined liabilities are given, the investor must construct a non-callable bond portfolio of homogeneous ratings by considering certain characteristics such as follows:

  • The bond portfolio cash flow must occur in such a way that at any time a liability matures, the cumulative bond portfolio cash-flow is comparatively larger than the cumulative cash-flow of liabilities.

  • The amount and maturity of both asset as well as liability cash flows must match to the possible extent.

With the first condition, the investor is assured that every liability will be funded in the future. The second condition will make sure that the exposure to term structure risk factors of assets and liabilities will match to the possible extent, thus limiting risk-taking on the net value of both assets as well as liabilities. However, this technique does not entail the risk of not being able to fund the liability system. This method can be implemented using minimal information on cash flows.

Let us assume that we have pricing information on bonds and we can adopt an operational way of implementing the second rule by minimizing the value of bond portfolio. Further, let us assume that a single liability of 100 will mature in 5 years. Let us also consider two zero-coupon bonds maturing in 4.5 and 4.9 years respectively. Now, the investor must invest  either Rs.65.12 in the first discount bond or 62.69 in the second one in order to fund his liability. The significant point to be noted here is that if the investor is choosing the cheapest portfolio, he will be choosing the best cash-flow match also and thus the least risk. However, this minimization of the value of the bond portfolio can be applied only on bonds of same quality. Otherwise, it will pick up only bonds of lesser quality.

By using this procedure, the investor will have enough cash in advance to fund each liability. He may hold cash in certain time periods, such as the period between the time he receives it and the time he funds the liability. Thus, there is immense possibility of reinvesting this cash for a short period of time.

By considering the reinvestment possibility which is based on an assumption for the reinvestment rate for the cash, the procedure for minimizing the value of the bond can be refined further. At the same time, the investor also depends on the return he receives from the cash to fund the liabilities. Reinvestment risk can arise if the investor is unable to fully fund the liabilities when he actually reinvests at a lesser rate compared to assumed rate.

Finally, we can say that the minimization technique can be applied periodically to take advantage of the emergence of term structure in order to construct an even cheaper bond portfolio. To solve this problem, optimization methods such as linear programming can be used.


Related Discussions:- Asymmetric cash matching

Expalin the term mutual funds, Mutual funds Mutual funds pool resources...

Mutual funds Mutual funds pool resources from a lot of individuals and companies and invest these resources in diversified portfolios of bonds, stocks and money market instrume

Explain process of financial control, Financial Control: - The establishmen...

Financial Control: - The establishment as well as use of financial control devices is an important function of financial management. These devices comprise: Budgetary Contro

Swap market, Swap Market: The fall of Bretton Wood system in early 1970...

Swap Market: The fall of Bretton Wood system in early 1970s weakened of the pound. It was imperative to stop the downward slide of the pound. In order to control the flow of fo

Operating cycle, discuss the applicability of operating cycle to poultry bu...

discuss the applicability of operating cycle to poultry business(consider broilers)

Em.pirical finanse, give me your email then i will send it to you

give me your email then i will send it to you

Calculate the price of commonwealth bonds, Calculate the Price of Commonwea...

Calculate the Price of Commonwealth bonds Commonwealth Company has a 10% coupon bond with a par value of $1000, The current yield to maturity on new bonds is 8%. If interest is

Role of special purpose vehicle, The financial institutions tha...

The financial institutions that originate the loans sell a pool of cashflow-producing assets to a specially created third party that is called a

Collar, Collar A collar can be established by holding a share, along w...

Collar A collar can be established by holding a share, along with purchasing a protective put and writing a covered call, where both options at out-of-money.. For Example

Working capital, which are the components of working capital management?

which are the components of working capital management?

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd