Arab renaissance, Science

ARAB RENAISSANCE:

The Roman Empire had begun to decline. Its economy was overburdened by a huge army. Stagnating production had led to the imposition of heavy taxes. Consequently, the social structure became extremely exploitative.  ''.  

Christianity, most probably, grew out of  the distress and protest of  the slaves and other common people of the Roman Empire. It is no accident that it first arose among the Jews whowere the most oppressed. They were also imbued with the spirit of  rejecting any compromise with the powers of this world. The popular appeal of Christianity  lay  in  its outward submissiveness combined with absolute determination  to have no part in the prevailing oppressive and sinful society. This also led to its persecution, which gave it even greater appeal and strength. Christianity  spread rapidly among all people. Very soon it was no more confined to the lower classes. Its teachings became influenced by  the prevalent social ideas. Within a few centuries, the Church itself established the rule of dogmas and became a partner in maintaining the state. By  the sixth century A.D.,  people on the eastern borders of the Roman Empire began to identify Christianity with an alien, hostile and oppressive government. However, we find that to these negative factors, there was soon added a positive one-the appearance and spread of  a new religion, Islam, in the seventh century A.D. Islam incorporated what was most agreeable  in Christianity. With  its message of universal brotherhood, simple but exacting personal conduct and a sure hope of  realistic paradise for the believer, it soon found popular support. As the Arabs from Syria and Iraq came to conquer lands stretching upto the Mediterranean with the message of Islam, they very often found little resistance from the local population. Soon a vast area stretching from Spain to India came under  the influence of  Islam and, thus, extensive trade and cultural exchanges became possible. The flourishing trade gave rise to demand for commoditiesl This, in  turn, encouraged invention of new techniques for making steel, paper, silk, porcelain etc.  

Posted Date: 9/27/2012 8:15:57 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Arab renaissance, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Arab renaissance, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Arab renaissance Discussions

Write discussion on Arab renaissance
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain the Hyposecretion or Hypothyroidism during Infancy Decreased secretion of thyroid hormone results in the development of the condition known as cretinism. There is a lac

Gloves : Gloves should be worn when transferring toxic, radioactive and carcinogenic compounds, irritants and corrosive liquids. The practice of wearing rubber gloves continuously


Why is olivine a rare mineral in sandstone? a. What is the range in grain size of sample 33 from the Athabasca University Rock Samples Kit? (Hint: Measure the size of the gra

Packaging and storage of oil Rancidity can cause the oil to deteriorate and develop off-flavors during storage. Using clean, dry containers, which exclude light and heat, and p

Consider the following data for ethylene hydrogenation to ethane in a batch reactor:                  C 2 H 4 + H 2 → C 2 H 6 The reaction may be considered to be first-or

What is a hormone? A hormone, as you may already know, can be described as a chemical substance which having been formed in one particular organ or a gland is carried in the bl

Hypersecretion of Adrenocortical Hormones during Childhood Children suffering from hypersecretion of adrenocortical activity are described as Infant Hercules. There is too earl

Paper manufacture: Paper was not used in India until the eleventh century. This Chinese invention of the first .century A.D. reached India mainly through the Ghorian conquerors

Question: a) How does temperature changes in the stratosphere? Give a physical explanation and illustrate your answer using a diagram. b) Write a short note on ozone in the