Antibiotics, Biology

ANTIBIOTICS -

  • Chemicals produced by microorganism that inhibit the growth of other microorganism.
  • Such microorganism which produces the antibiotics are antibiont.
  • When their effects inhibits other microorganism it is antibiosis.
  • Fleming discovered first antibiotic as penicillin from Penicillium notatum in 1929.
  • Today a number of new antibiotics like streptomycin, terramycin, erythromycin, tetracycline have been discovered.
  • Some antibiotics are of broad spectrum.
  • Indiscriminate use of antibiotics should be avoided as it can lead to various problems as some have side effects, some antibiotics destroy beneficial bacteria.
  • Some antibiotics develop resistant too.
Posted Date: 10/4/2012 9:00:14 AM | Location : United States







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