Acting Rationally - artificial intelligence, Basic Computer Science

Acting Rationally:

Al Capone was finally convicted for tax evasion. Were the police acting rationally? To answer this, we must first look at how the performance of police forces is

Viewed: convicting and arresting the people who have committed a crime is a began, but  their  success  in  stop criminal on  the  street  is  also  a  reasonable,  if measure ,contentious. Given that they didn't prisoner Capone for the murders he committed, they failed on that scale. Although, they did get him off the street, so they succeeded there. We might also look at the what the police knew and what they had experienced about the environment: they had experienced murders which they knew were undertaken by Capone,  but  they had not  experienced any evidence which could convict Capone of the murders. However, they had evidence of tax evasion. Given the knowledge about the environment that they can only arrest if they have evidence, their actions were therefore limited to arresting Capone on tax evasion. As this got him off the street, we could say they were acting rationally.

This answer is controversial, and highlights the reason why we have to think hard about how to assess the rationality of an agent before we consider building it.

To summarize, an agent takes input from its environment and affects that environment. The rational performance of an agent must be assessed in terms of the task it was meant to undertake, it's knowledge and experience of the environment and  the actions  it  was actually able to  undertake.  This performance should  be objectively measured independently of any internal measures used by the agent.

In English language usage, autonomy means an ability to govern one's actions independently. In our situation, we need to specify the extent to which an agent's behavior is affected by its environment. We say that:

  • The autonomy of an agent is measured by the extent to which its behaviour is determined by its own experience.

At  one extreme, an agent  might  never pay any attention to the input  from its environment,  in  which  case,  its  actions  are  determined  entirely  by  its  built -in knowledge. At the other extreme, if an agent does not initially act using its built-in knowledge,  it  will  have  to  act  randomly,  which  is  not  desirable.  Hence,  it  is desirable  to  have  a  balance  between  complete  autonomy  and  no  autonomy. Thinking of human agents, we are born with certain reflexes which govern our actions to begin with. However, through our ability to learn from our environment, we begin to act more autonomously as a result of our experiences in the world. Imagine a baby learning to crawl around. It must use in-built information to enable it to correctly employ its arms and legs, otherwise it would just thrash around. However, as it  moves, and bumps into things, it  learns to avoid objects in the environment. When we leave home, we are (supposed to be) fully autonomous agents ourselves. We should expect similar of the agents we build for AI tasks: their autonomy increases in line with their experience of the environment.

Posted Date: 10/1/2012 8:59:58 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Acting Rationally - artificial intelligence, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Acting Rationally - artificial intelligence, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Acting Rationally - artificial intelligence Discussions

Write discussion on Acting Rationally - artificial intelligence
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What is meant by the terms 'row-major order' and 'column-major order'? Ans: (i) Storing the array column by column is called as column-major order and storing the array row by

Control Unit of the processor: The  Control Unit  of the processor is that unit which controls and coordinates the execution of instructions by the processor. It is responsibl

WHAT DO MEAN BY ALGORITHM,HOW CAN ALGORITHM HELP TO WRITE BETTER COMPUTER PROGRAM ,WRITE AN ALGORITHM IN COMPUTER INTEREST

Q: HOW DO YOU CODE -- WITHOUT USING ARRAYS OR SPLIT FUNCTIONS -- TO SEPARATE COMMA SEPARATE NUMBER VALUES AND THEN SUM TO TOTAL? I.E., USING SUBSTRING AND INDEXOF. I''ve been try


Indexing and Abstracting Databases: A study of growth of indexing and abstracting services over the years would show that during the past two centuries, these services have be

create a flowchart showing average score for the 3 quizzes assume that there are 3 sections each having 5 students the only valid number to be entered is 1-100 for the quizzes shou

In many respect threads operate in the similar way as that of processes. A number of the similarity and differences are: Similarities • Similar to processes threads share CPU and o

Question 1 Explain boundary fill and flood fill polygon filling algorithm Question 2 Draw and explain the block diagram of typical workstation Question 3 Explain the ras

Ask question #Minimum 100 words accepted/