Analyse the financial statements, Finance Basics

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Task

The following information has been extracted from the accounts of R Ltd., a manufacturer and distributor of home cordless phone in Hong Kong.

000)  

 

Profit and Loss accounts for the year ended 31 December

 

 

 

 

          R Ltd

 

 

 

 

 

2010

 

Sales

 

 

 

4,800

 

Cost of sales

 

 

3,000

 

Gross Profit

 

 

1,800

 

Less: Expenses

 

 

 

 

     Wages

 

 

500

 

     Selling and administration

 

80

 

     Advertising

 

 

220

 

     Other overheads

 

 

275

 

 

 

 

 

1,075

 

Profit before interest and tax

 

725

 

Less: debenture interest

 

25

 

profit before tax

 

 

700

 

Taxation

 

 

 

100

 

Profit after tax

 

 

600

 

Dividends-preference shares

 

-12

 

                - ordinary shares

 

-108

 

 

 

 

 

480

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance Sheet as at 31 December

 

 

 

 

 

RLtd

R Ltd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(000)

 

 

Fixed Assets

 

300

450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets

 

 

 

 

 

  Stock

 

 

1,230

450

 

 

  trade debtors

 

600

1,000

 

 

  Bank

 

 

450

250

 

 

 

 

 

2,280

1,700

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

  trade creditors

 

350

405

 

 

  Property tax payable

 

100

95

 

 

 

 

 

450

500

 

 

Net current assets

 

1,830

1,200

 

 

Total assets less current liabilities

2,130

1,650

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financed by:

 

 

 

 

 

1 ordinary shares

 

300

300

 

 

8% preference share

 

150

150

 

 

reserves

 

 

1,430

950

 

 

 

 

 

1880

1400

 

 

Long term liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

  10% Debenture

250

250

 

 

 

 

 

2,130

1,650

 

 

 Note:

There was no new issue of shares throughout the year of 2009 and 2010

The market prices per share on 31 December for 2010 and 2009 were $19.6 and $19 respectively.

 Required                                  

Analyse the financial statements using relevant techniques, such as ratios, to assess the financial viability of R Ltd

Carry out a performance audit for R on the 2009 and 2010 financial results with respective reference to the internal and external factors, for external factors please specifically consider the impact of the industry and market that R is in.                                           

Use appropriate calculations to improve the quality of the financial information provided and calculated in (a) above.

Based on (a) , (b) and (c) above make recommendation on the strategic portfolio of R. (Please use BCG model for your recommendation. Assuming that the home cordless phone sector in Hong Kong is very keenly competitive and innovative. New product is launched in the market very quickly. R has 15% of the market share and finds it is quite difficult to hold or gain market share.) 


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