Alluvial-transported soil, Biology

Alluvial

Materials of this catego~ya re deposited by running water in the form offroodplains, river terraces, deltas and alluvial fans. These deposits have two outstanding characteristics by, which they can usually be recognised with ease. Fit, the individual particles tend to be rounded and smootlfed by the action of running water. Second, the layers are usually distinct in that each contain particles of a particular range or size class depending upon the speed of the transporting water. Coarse materials are laid by swift water currents, whereas, fine particles are deposited by relatively calm waters.

Alluvial soils are found bo~deringri vers and slow moving bodies of water. When first formed; these deposits are sa low that they are frequently flooded at high-water stages, and at such times they receive additional increments of fine sediment, especially if they are well vegetated. At this stage of development, they are called flood plains. As the stream cuts its channel deeper, the flood plain is left above the reach of high water and is called a terrace. Large streams are frequently bordered by a series of terraces, the oldest being at considerable heights above the present water level.

Where streams enter a lake or a sea, the deposit of silt and clay that settles down at the edge of the still water may build a delta which gradually lengthens until it extends beyond the mouth of the stream. The Sunderbans in West Bengal and Bangladesh are examples of deltas, which supprt mangrove type of vegetation. Alluvial fans are formed where a stream descends from uplands, and a sudden change in gradient may sometimes occur as the stream emerges at the lower level. Deposition of sediments is thereby forced, giving rise to alluvial fans. They differ from a delta in their location and in the character of their debris. Fan material is often gravel and stony in nature
and is well drained.

Among the transported soils, the alluvial soils of the Indoagetic Plains are highly productive and have been under'cultivation for several thousands of years. The parent material of the Indo-Gangetic alluvial soils is actually in the Himalayas. Mountain and hill washes contribute huge quaiitities of sediments brought down by the rivers and deposited in the plains below. Most of the alluvial soils are under intensive crop cultivation.

Posted Date: 12/11/2012 1:41:33 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Alluvial-transported soil, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Alluvial-transported soil, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Alluvial-transported soil Discussions

Write discussion on Alluvial-transported soil
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What were coopers views on nature (particularly in regard to human progress and resource use)? And Is there any thought about rights of nature or conservation of resources in her w

BRAI N (ENCEPHELON) Shape - Oval Positio n - Situated in cranial cavity of skull. Medulla oblongeta comes out of foramen magnum in the form of spinal cord. Colou

description on characteristics of pisces fish

Normal nutrition: a base of therapeutic diet Normal nutrition is the foundation upon which theĀ  therapeutic modifications are based. The primary principle of diet nutrition the

Define the Classification of Carbohydrates? If you go back and read up your theory, you will recall that there are four main classes of carbohydrates based on the number of mon

Using a Tissue Punch The implant heads are located and using a suitable sized tissue punch(depending on the implant diameter), the tissue punch is used and takes a circular pie

Name TWO choices of microscope and stain (if stain should be used) that you could use to view each of the following. For example, to view human cheek cells you could use (1) bright

Aid-giving behaviour between genetically related individuals in animal groups is often observed in nature. This aid-giving behaviour can evolve when the advantages of helping relat

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF EGG ON THE BASIS OF YOLK ?

What are the endocrine glands involved in the menstrual cycle? What are the hormones in action? The endocrine glands that secrete hormones included in the menstrual cycle are t