Mind and Body, you have already studied that certain hormones are essential for proper physical development of an individual. Around the age of 12, starts a period when special hormones are secreted in the body and transition from childhood to adulthood takes place.
This is kndwn as adolescence, a period of very rapid physical growth, accompaniqd by a gradual develbpment of reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics such as beard for men and breasts for women. The age limits of adolescence roughly extend fnnn around 12 to about 18 years when physical growth is nearly complete.
During adolescence, not only is physical growth rapid, but its sex-related character changes the social position of the individual. Cognitive development and knowledge base also reaches a point when a person is able to formulate his or her ideas, fairly clearly, about various questions in life. People are able to develop a world outlook or an ideology of their own, and hence personality. At the end, they are no more boys or girls, but they are men and women, generally able to stand on their own. The five or six years of adolescence stage are very crucial for everyone, and since they generally correspond to classes 7th or 8th to 12th or first year of college, they are important for teachers to keep in mind while dealing with 'theit students. The transition can be clumsy and confusing, too aggressive or too timid for the young person.