Acute bronchitis, Biology

Acute Bronchitis:

Acute bronchitis is inflammation  of one or more bronchi  and occurs specifically  in children younger than  four year?.  It is usually associated with previous upper respiratory infection. 

This infection is caused by adenovirus, repiratory  syncytial virus  and rhinovirus. It may also occur with communicable diseases such as pertusis, measles, diptheria, scarlet fever and typhoid fever. Mycoplasma pneumonia may cause acute bronchitis especially in school age children. 

Pathophysiology

Inflammation of bronchi and trachea lead to an increased volume of lower respiratory tract secretions. The cartilaginous support of the smooth muscles  is not developed until adolescent years. This  lack of cartilaginous support of smooth muscles  can result  in constriction  of lower airways. 

Medical Treatment 

It includes administration of 

- Antibiotics  as per sensitivity of causative  organism 

- Cough expectorant 

- Antipyretic medicines  to relieve  fever 

- Steam  inhalation  (warm moist  air)

 

Posted Date: 10/26/2012 8:05:11 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Acute bronchitis, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Acute bronchitis, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Acute bronchitis Discussions

Write discussion on Acute bronchitis
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Is Acetylcholine found in brain? Acetylcholine is found in many parts of the brain having particularly high concentrations in the cerebral cortex, limbic system, basal, foreb

Explain the term- Horizons These processes take a long time- may be a few thousand years to create a soil. As the time passes, the soil matures and generally becomes deeper and

tell me the general characters of monopisthocotylea

A biologist examines a series of cells and counts 140 cells in interphase, 10 cells in metaphase, 4 cells in anaphase and 7 cells in telophase. if complete cell cycle requires 24 h

Describe in brief about Pseudoisoehromatic Plates test Commonly known as Ishihara's plates, these reveal one pattern to the normal eye and another to the colour deficient. Colo

In certain instances differences in the morphology of genitalia between species make it impossible for normal mating to occur, and sympatric species tend to remain isolated. When t

significant role of suicide cells?


Which book is best for quallifying in aipmt exam and what should be my minimum studying hours???

Plants are supplied with adequate amount of phosphorus Phosphorus has also been associated with early maturity of crops particularly the cereals. Its shortage is accompanied by