Acidic nature of phenol - hydrocarbon, Chemistry

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Acidic Nature of Phenol - Hydrocarbon

The acidic nature of phenol is observed in the following:

(1) Phenol changes blue litmus to red.

(2) Highly electropositive metals react with phenol. 2C6H5OH + 2Na → 2C6H5ONa + H2

(3) Phenol reacts with strong alkalies to form phenoxides. C6H5OH + NaOH → C6H5ONa + H2O.

However, phenol does not decompose sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate that is CO2 is not evolved because phenol is weaker than carbonic acid.


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