Accounting Principles and Policies
The user of the accounts expects that the accounting principles and policies used will be in conformity with IAS, be generally accepted, be widely recognized and supported and be appropriate and applicable in the particular circumstances. This is crucial for the auditor to obtain evidence which the accounting policies required are appropriate in the circumstances, so not only acceptable.
Substance over Form
Transaction should show the commercial reality rather than the legal form. Therefore these would use which the accounts should display to all the liabilities assets of the organization even if lawfully the liabilities or assets do not relate to the organization.
Presentation and Disclosure
The overall result and final position can only be appreciated by aggregating transactions and balances into suitable classes and categories. The description provided to these categories and classes must show their own true nature.
An item is material if its disclosure or non-disclosure would make any difference to the view received by the user of the accounts. Therefore fairness is a function of materiality. Along with trivialities, the accounts must not be cluttered or along with statements or along with amounts which are insignificant to the overall view given through the accounts. The auditor has to remains the concept of materiality in mind at all times.