Accounting has two main objectives:
If the owners of an enterprise want it to earn more profit, they must increase the volume of turnover. As turnover increases, the enterprise must expand physically; as it expands, it will create departments, which deal with different lines of sales or services; there is a limit to the physical expansion at a single site–and the market there is also limited. Hence, enterprises set up branches, so that expansion can be continued. The need then arises to control the assets, liabilities, income and expenditure of the different departments and/or branches.