federalism and the constitution of us, History

Assignment Help:

We the People: Federalism and the Constitution

When the delegates in Philadelphia attempted to create a new form of government, the first, and most important problem they faced was how to balance the interests of states that had large populations with those of states that had fewer citizens. The theory of the relationship between the national (or federal) government and the states is known as federalism. Delegates from states with many citizens, such as Massachusetts, New York, and Virginia, understandably believed that smaller states should not be able to control the new government. On the other hand, delegates from smaller states did not want states with large populations to ignore their interests. Two rival plans for the new government were introduced: the Virginia plan favored states with large populations, while the New Jersey plan protected the interests of smaller states. Finally, the delegates settled on the Great Compromise (sometimes called the Connecticut Compromise). Under this compromise, the new government would have a bicameral (two house) legislature. The upper house, the Senate, represented the states equally: each state, no matter how large or small its population, would have two senators. The lower house, the House of Representatives, would represent states based on their population: each state would receive at least one representative, but states with larger populations would receive more. The Constitution also established the powers of the federal government and the powers of the state governments. Under the Constitution, Congress gained the important power to raise revenue (by taxation) and to regulate commerce (trade) between the states.

 


Related Discussions:- federalism and the constitution of us

Ohio city was the 1995 bosnian peace accord signed in, What Ohio city was t...

What Ohio city was the 1995 Bosnian peace accord signed in? Dayton.

Chapters of the noli me tangere, Why do you think that the author Jose Prot...

Why do you think that the author Jose Protacio Rizal presented dialectical arguments in key chapters of the Noli Me Tangere?

Sides of the totalitarian coin, Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler represented ...

Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler represented opposite sides of the totalitarian coin, yet both shared certain oppressive methods in trying to bring their vision to prominence. Descri

Role of the political machines and the social reformers, Compare the role o...

Compare the role of the political machines and the social reformers in dealing with the new urban environment of the late nineteenth century. Which group was more successful?

Compare the early exploration efforts of france, Compare the early explorat...

Compare the early exploration efforts of France, Spain, and England. What event in Europe most precipitated the drive to cross the Atlantic? Why?

What do you understand by the decline theory, What do you Understand by the...

What do you Understand by the "Decline Theory" And how it influenced the abolition of Slavery in the Americas

Strong pro-union sympathies, Within the confederacy, strong pro-union sympa...

Within the confederacy, strong pro-union sympathies could be found among all of the following groups or areas except a. the commercial class of st. louis, missouri b. sugar plan

Compare the government and social structure, Compare the government and soc...

Compare the government and social structure of Asian Empires to that of European Empires using at least two examples from each.

A Call to Arms, What happened at the Continental Congress in Philadelphia?

What happened at the Continental Congress in Philadelphia?

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd