Who has the comparative advantage in production of elegies

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Reference no: EM131017817

First Midterm-

BINARY CHOICE QUESTIONS -

1. Which of the following is a normative statement?

a. If UW-Madison raises tuition, more students will choose to attend the university.

b. UW-Madison should raise tuition in order to increase revenues and improve the university.

2. In 2014, Andrea's monthly earningswere $200 and his taxes were $40. In 2015, his monthly earningsincreased by $200 and the taxeshe paid increased by 20% from 2014. Given this information what is the tax rate that Andrea is paying in 2015? Assume that tax rate is defined as the amount of taxes paid divided by income earned expressed as a percentage.

a. 12%

b. 24%

3. When calculating the cost of attending college, the forgone salary is an:

a. Opportunity Cost.

b. Accounting Cost.

4. In order to measure the effect of education on wages, the St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank surveyed 10,000 individuals about their years of schooling and their current income in May 2014. This data can be described as:

a. cross-sectional data.

b. time-series data.

Use the following information for the next three (3) questions:

Vergil and Catullus can each produce poems and elegies. The following table expresses how many poems or elegies each can produce if they produce none of the other good. Assume opportunity costs are constant along the entire production possibility frontier for each person.

 

Elegies

Poems

Catullus

5

1

Vergil

6

2

5. Who has the comparative advantage in the production of elegies?

a. Catullus

b. Vergil

6. Suppose Vergil and Catullus wish to trade elegies for poems. In terms of the number of elegies, in what range must the price for one poem fall?

a. Between 1/5 and 1/3 of an elegy

b. Between 3 and 5 elegies

7. Is the following statement True or False? "The Joint-PPF for Catullusand Vergil has a kink point."

a. True

b. False

8. The founder of Snapchat (a software company) wants to create a market for Shares of his company. Snapchat's employees currently own all the Shares, and will supply some of them in the market depending on what the price is. The founder isn't sure what the equilibrium price should be, so he initially sets the price of a Share at $40. However, demand is higher than anticipated, leading to excess demand at the initial price of $40. Which of the following describes what will happen next in this market?

a. The price of Snapchat's Shares will stay at $40, and some people who want to buy Shares for $40 will not be able to.

b. The employees selling Shares will realize they can charge more than $40 for each Share they sell. As the price they charge increases, the quantity of Shares demanded falls, and the quantity supplied by the employees rises.

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

Mitchell and Yoshi study together for their Econ 101 class.This week they are working on Demand & Supply questions and Data questions.

9. If Mitchell has an absolute advantage in answeringDemand & Supply questions, then he also has a comparative advantage in answering Demand & Supply questions.

a. True

b. False

10. If Mitchell has an absolute advantage in answering Demand & Supply questions and Yoshi has an absolute advantage in answering Data questions, then Mitchell has a comparative advantage in answering Demand & Supply questions.

a. True

b. False

11. Andrea is a cook in a local Italian restaurant; he is responsible for preparing pasta and pizza. We know that in 8 hours he can prepare at most 10 pizzas or 20 portions of pasta. We also know that he can prepare 6 pizzas and 12 portions of pasta. Given this information and holding Andrea's resources, technology and his time available for producing pasta and/or pizza constant, which sentence is true?

a. Andrea's production possibility frontier is linear.

b. Andrea's production possibility frontier is bowed out from the origin.

12. We know that good A is an inferior good, therefore when income increases:

a. demand for good A will shift to the right.

b. demand for good A will shift to the left.

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

In the market for electric cars, the initial equilibrium price is $50,000. One of the main costs of building electric cars is the large battery needed to operate these cars.

13. Researchers at UW-Madison invent a new electric battery that is cheaper to produce. Holding everything else constant, if electric car producers adopt this new technology, it will cause:

a. the equilibrium price of electric cars to decrease.

b. the equilibrium price of electric cars to increase.

Now consider the market for gasoline-powered cars. We know these gasoline-powered cars are a substitute good for electric cars.

14. Given all of the above information (including that in the last question)which of the following is TRUE?

a. If gasoline is a complementary good for the gasoline-powered cars, then we predict that the demand for gasoline will shift left due to the introduction of the new battery and the equilibrium price of gasoline will decrease and the equilibrium quantity of gasoline will decrease.

b. If gasoline is a complementary good for the gasoline-powered cars, then we predict that the demand for gasoline will shift right due to the introduction of the new battery and the equilibrium price of gasoline will increase and the equilibrium quantity of gasoline will increase.

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS-

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

Alice, Bob, and Charlene can each produce Widgets and Gadgets. The following table expresses how many widgets or gadgets each can produce if they produce none of the other good. Assume opportunity costs are constant along the entire production possibility frontier for each person.

 

Widgets

Gadgets

Alice

1

3

Bob

3

1

Charlene

5

5

15. Who has the comparative advantage in the production of widgets and gadgets respectively?

a. Alice in widgets; Bob in gadgets

b. Bob in widgets; Alice in gadgets

c. Alice in widgets; Charlene in gadgets

d. Charlene in both widgets and gadgets

16. Which of the following equations expresses the equation for the Joint Production Possibility Frontier for Alice, Bob, and Charlene? Let W be the number of Widgets and G be the number of Gadgets. Assume G is the horizontal variable.

Multiple Choice Answer to Bubble In

 

 

 

a.

W = 9 - 3G               for 0 ≤ G ≤ 1

W = 7 - G                  for 1 ≤ G ≤ 6

W = 3 - (1/3)G             for 6 ≤ G ≤ 9

b.

W = 9 - (1/3)G for 0 ≤ G ≤ 3

W = 11 - G for 3 ≤G ≤ 8

W = 27 - 3Gfor 8 ≤ G ≤ 9

c.

W = 9 - (13/3)G        for 0 ≤ G ≤ 1

W = 6 - (4/3)G          for 1 ≤ G ≤ 3

W = 5 - G                   for 3 ≤ G ≤ 9

d.

W = 5 - G                 for 0 ≤ G ≤ 2

W = (9/2) - (3/4)G    for 2 ≤ G ≤ (14/3)

W = (27/3) - (24/14)G     for (14/3) ≤ G ≤ 9

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

There are two lines, line A and line B, and they are defined by the following equations:

Line A: Y = 3X + 1

Line B: Y = 9 - X

17. What is the intersection point of Line A and Line B?

a. (X, Y) = (2, 6)

b. (X, Y) = (3, 7)

c. (X, Y) = (2, 7)

d. (X, Y) = (3,6)

Suppose that there is a change in the lines. Line A has shifted: for every value of X the value of Y decreases by 1. Also Line B has shifted: for every value of Y the value of X increases by 3.

18. What is the new intersection point of these two new lines?

a. (X, Y) = (2, 9)

b. (X, Y) = (3, 10)

c. (X, Y) = (2, 10)

d. (X, Y) = (3, 9)

19. Henry and Albert are both instrument makers. The following table expresses how many pianos or flutes each can produce if they produce none of the other instrument. Assume opportunity costs are constant along the entire production possibility frontier for both Henry and Albert.

 

pianos

flutes

Henry

3

15

Albert

2

14

If Henry and Albert go into business together, what will be the coordinates for the kink point of their joint-PPF? Assume pianos are measured as the horizontal good and flutesare measured as the vertical good.

a. (Pianos, flutes) = (2, 14)

b. (Pianos, flutes) = (2, 15)

c. (Pianos, flutes) = (3, 14)

d. (Pianos, flutes) = (3, 15)

20. Which of the following four graphs represents a different production possibility frontier than the other graphs?

392_Graph.png

a. PPF #1

b. PPF #2

c. PPF #3

d. PPF #4

21. The government imposes a price ceiling on the price of milk. This price ceiling is effective and results in an excess demand of 6 units of milk. If the demand for milk is given by the equation P = 30 - 2Q, and the supply of milk is given by the equation P = Q, then the price ceiling must be equal to:

a. $10

b. $6

c. $14

d. $4

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

Mitchell and Yoshi work together to write Econ 101 questions for the upcoming midterm. They have to write binary-choice and multiple-choice questions. They each have 10 working hours per day.

  • Mitchell's efficient production level contains the two points: (multiple-choice, binary-choice) = (10, 10) and (20,5).
  • Yoshi's efficient production level contains the two points: (multiple-choice, binary-choice) = (1, 36) and (8, 8).

Both Mitchell and Yoshi have linear production possibility frontiers.

22. Now Mitchell and Yoshi agree to trade multiple-choice questions for binary-choice questions. Which of the following statements is true?

a. Mitchellwill trade 1 multiple choice questions for 1/4binary choice questions from Yoshi.

b. Yoshi will trade 1 multiple choice questions for 1 binary choice questionfrom Mitchell.

c. Mitchellwill trade 1 multiple choice questions for 3binary choice questions from Yoshi.

d. Yoshi will trade 1 multiple choice questions for 2binary choice questions from Mitchell.

23. Suppose that Mitchell and Yoshi decide they will work together to generate all questions. Which of the following allocations of production lie on their joint PPF?

a. Mitchellwrites30multiple-choice questions; Yoshi writes 1 multiple-choice questionand 36binary-choice questions.

b. Mitchell writes 20 multiple-choice questions and 20 binary-choice questions; Yoshi writes 8 multiple-choice questions and 30 binary-choice questions

c. Yoshi writes 10multiple-choice questions;Mitchellwrites15 binary-choice questions.

d. Mitchell writes 8 multiple-choice questions and 18 binary-choice questions; Yoshi writes 6 multiple-choice questions and 32 binary-choice questions.

24. Rome and Carthage both produce purple dye. Currently, Carthage has the comparative advantage in the production of purple dye. Now, suppose a new source of murex snails, the primary input in the production of purple dye, is discovered off the coast of Carthage. Taking into account this discovery, all else being equal, which of the following must be true?

a. Carthage now has absolute advantage in the production of purple dye.

b. Rome now has absolute advantage in the production of purple dye.

c. Rome now has comparative advantage in the production of purple dye.

d. Carthage maintains its comparative advantage in the production of purple dye.

25. John and Bobby love to play golf. The following equations provide their individual demand curves for golf where P is the price for a round of 18 holes of golf and Q is the number of 18 hole rounds:

John's Demand for golf: QJ = 20 - P

Bobby's Demand for golf: QB = 7 - (1/2)P

Suppose that John and Bobby are the only two golfers in the market. What is the market demand curve for golf?

Multiple Choice Answer to Bubble In

 

 

a.

P = 20 - Q                

if  0 ≤  Q ≤ 6

P = 18  - (2/3)Q                   if  6 ≤  Q ≤ 27

b.

P = 27 - (3/2)Q                    if  0 ≤  Q ≤ 14

P = 20 - Q                           if  14 ≤  Q ≤ 20

c.

P = 40 - Q                            if  0 ≤  Q ≤ 24               

P = 32 - (2/3)Q                    if  24 ≤  Q ≤ 48

d.

P = 48 - (3/2)Q                    if  0 ≤  Q ≤ 24

P = 40 - Q                           if  16 ≤  Q ≤ 40

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

Consider the market for corn where the market is described by the following equations where Q is the quantity of corn and P is the price in dollars per unit of corn:

Market Demand for corn: QD = 9 - P

Market Supply of corn: Qs = 2P

26. Given the above information, find the equilibrium price (P*) and quantity (Q*) of corn.

a. P* =$6, Q* =6 units of corn

b. P* =$3, Q* =3units of corn

c. P* =$6, Q* =3units of corn

d. P* =$3, Q* =6units of corn

27. Suppose that in this market for corn price is NOT determined by market forces. Instead the government sets the price of corn and then the government promises to buy back any surplus of corn that occurs at this set price. When the government implements this price, we know that the value of Consumer Surplus is $8 and the value of Producer Surplus is $25. Furthermore, we also know that with this government program there is an excess supply of corn in the market. Given this information and holding everything else constant, then when this government program is implemented:

a. There will be a shortage of 3 units of corn in the market.

b. There will be asurplus of 3 units of corn in the market.

c. There will be a shortage of 6 units of corn in the market.

d. There will be a surplus of 6 units of corn in the market.

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

Consider the market for sublet apartments in Madison. The supply and demand for apartments are given by the following equations where P is the price in dollars per sublet apartment and Q is the quantity of sublet apartments:

Supply Curve: P = 2Q

Demand Curve: P = 600 - 4Q

28. What is the equilibrium price and quantity in the market for sublet apartments?

a. P* = $100 and Q* = 200

b. P*= $200 and Q*= 100

c. P*= $200 and Q*= 200

d. P*=$100 and Q*= 100

Suppose there is a change in the market for sublet apartments in Madison: the heating system for the on-campus dorms breaks down, increasing the demand for sublet apartments. The supply of sublet apartments remains the same. The new equilibrium price rises to P* = $300.

29. Given this information and holding everything else constant, if the slope of the new demand curve is unchanged relative to the initial demand curve, what is the equation for the new demand curve?

a. P = 900 - 4Q

b. P = 700 - 4Q

c. P = 800 - 4Q

d. P = 600 - 2Q

30. The market for Econ 101 textbooks is described by the following equations where P is the price in dollars per Econ 101 textbook and Q is the quantity of Econ 101 textbooks:

Demand Curve:  QD = 130  -  (1/2)P

Supply Curve: QS = (1/4)P - 20

Given these equations, the equilibrium price is $200 per textbook and the equilibrium quantity is 30 textbooks. The University decides to subsidize buying these textbooks and the University implements a subsidy of $60 per textbook.

Given this subsidy program and holding everything else constant, what is thedeadweight loss (DWL)due to the implementation of this subsidy and what is the amount the government spends after implementing this subsidy (G)?

a. DWL = $150 and G = $1200

b. DWL = $4800 and G = $300

c. DWL = $300 and G = $2400

d. DWL = $2400 and G = $150

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

Badger Cola is the favorite soda on the UW Madison campus. The producer of Badger Cola decides to change the soda recipe. They start to use corn syrup instead of cane sugar. Using corn syrup reduces the cost of production of Badger Cola.

31. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences. The lower cost of production induces a shift __________ of the ___________ curve.  The equilibrium price will __________ and the equilibrium quantity will ___________.

a. left; demand; decrease; decrease

b. right; supply; decrease; increase

c. right; demand; increase; increase

d. left; supply; increase; decrease

Suppose that the new recipe changes the taste of Badger Soda. The customers find that they like this new taste more than the original taste.

32. Given the change in the soda recipe and the change in taste, in the market for Badger Soda the supply curve _________ and the demand curve _________. The equilibrium price will __________ and the equilibrium quantity will ___________.

a. shifts to the right; shifts to the left; decrease; be indeterminate

b. shifts to the right; shifts to the right; increase; be indeterminate

c. shifts to the right; shifts to the right; be indeterminate; increase

d. shifts to the left; shifts to the left; be indeterminate; decrease

Use the following information for the next two (2) questions:

The demand and supply of honey are represented by the following equations where P is the price in dollars per unit of honey and Q is the quantity of honey:

Market Demand for honey: QD =20 -  (1/2)P

Market Supply of honey: Qs= P - 4

33. Given the above information and holding everything else constant, what are the values of Consumer Surplus (CS) and Producer Surplus (PS) in the market for honey?

a. CS = $72and PS = $144

b. CS = $288 and PS = $144

c. CS = $144 and PS = $72

d. CS = $144and PS = $288

Suppose there is a change in the market: there is a disease that is spreading to many beehives with the result that 50% of the bee population dies. This results in the supply curve shifting left. Suppose that at the initial equilibrium price (before the spread of the disease) the new quantity of honey supplied in this market falls by 50% because of this disease. Assume that the slope of the supply curve does not change with the shift in supply when you calculate the new supply curve in the market for honey.

Given the dire circumstances happening to bees, the government decides to intervene in the honey market and create an agricultural program to help bee farmers. Two programs are considered: a price support program where the government sets the price of a unit of honey at $26 and a price guarantee program where the government guarantees bee farmers that they will receive a subsidy from the government so that the subsidized price of a unit of honey is $26.

34.  Given the information above including the inclusion of this disease, which of the following is FALSE?

a. The producers are indifferent between the two programs.

b. The consumers prefer the price guarantee program.

c. The government expenditure is higher under the price support program.

d. The consumers would prefer no government intervention in the honey market over the government implementing the price support program.

Reference no: EM131017817

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