Reference no: EM131302523
The moral theory known as " the ethics of care" implies that there is moral significance in the fundamental elements of relationships and dependencies in human life. Normatively, care ethics seeks to maintain relationships by contextualizing and promoting the well-being of care-givers and care-receivers in a network of social relations. Most often defined as a practice or virtue rather than a theory as such, "care" involves maintaining the world of, and meeting the needs of, ourself and others. It builds on the motivation to care for those who are dependent and vulnerable, and it is inspired by both memories of being cared for and the idealizations of self. Following in the sentimentalist tradition of moral theory, care ethics affirms the importance of caring motivation, emotion and the body in moral deliberation, as well as reasoning from particulars. One of the original works of care ethics was Milton Mayeroff's short book, On Caring, but the emergence of care ethics as a distinct moral theory is most often attributed to the works of psychologist Carol Gilligan and philosopher NelNoddings in the mid-1980s. Both charged traditional moral approaches with male bias, and asserted the "voice of care" as a legitimate alternative to the "justice perspective" of liberal human rights theory. Annette Baier, Virginia Held, Eva FederKittay, Sara Ruddick, and Joan Tronto are some of the most influential among many subsequent contributors to care ethics.
Typically contrasted with deontological/Kantian and consequentialist/utilitarian ethics, care ethics is found to have affinities with moral perspectives such as African ethics, Confucian ethics, and others. Critics fault care ethics with being a kind of slave morality, and as having serious shortcomings including essentialism, parochialism, and ambiguity. Although care ethics is not synonymous with feminist ethics, much has been written about care ethics as a feminine and feminist ethic, in relation to motherhood, international relations, and political theory. Care ethics is widely applied to a number of moral issues and ethical fields, including caring for animals and the environment, bioethics, and more recently public policy. Originally conceived as most appropriate to the private and intimate spheres of life, care ethics has branched out as a political theory and social movement aimed at broader understanding of, and public support for, care-giving activities in their breadth and variety.
Case Study Question:
The idea of equal pay for equal work is generally accepted as morally sound. But are there situations in which the application of this idea would be immoral? Why or why not?
Guidelines for case study:
Identification of problem is vague and/or does not elaborate/exemplify the problem. Principles and theories of Care Ethics identified from the reading assignment, but not clearly defined. No elaboration, examples, or illustrations to support relevance to the problem
Conclusions and interpretations are stated, but are not linked to the information presented and do not directly address the identified problem.
Major and frequent spelling or grammatical errors detract from clarity and/or logical flow.