Which one comes closest to your own ethical philosophy

Assignment Help Other Subject
Reference no: EM132184941

Question: Go to webtext section 9.5 on ethical theories. Which one comes closest to your own ethical philosophy? Consider at least one strength and one weakness of it when applied to your life and decisions.

Information: Webtext 9.5

Theory Criticisms Kantian Ethics

• Immanuel Kant put forth the categorical imperative, which states that you should only act on moral principles that you would be willing to turn into universal laws mandating that everyone act the same way.

• This is a version of the question, "How would you like it if everyone did that?"

Any two people who want to get married should be able to.

• This theory is so absolute that it sometimes goes against moral common sense.

It's wrong to kiss my spouse because I would not like it if everyone kissed my spouse.


• The morally right course of action is the one that will produce the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people.

• The only thing that matters is the consequences of the action, not the intentions behind the action (the ends justify the means).

• Ignores people's rights, duties, and intentions.

• Could be used to justify an act that most would consider morally wrong because it inflicts harm on one person unjustly, even if it brings great happiness to many others.

It's okay to steal money from my neighbor and take my family on a vacation, because then my whole family would be happy, and only my neighbor would be harmed.

Ethical Egoism

• Doing whatever is best for your own interests or would make you happy.

• This is not necessarily the same thing as doing whatever you want in the moment, because that might not be in your best interests in the long term.

• Can be used to justify terrible actions.

Ethical Altruism

• Doing whatever is best for others or would bring the greatest amount of happiness to people besides yourself.

• Sometimes it's hard to figure out what is best for everyone involved.

Authoritarian Moral Theory

• Doing whatever an authority figure (a teacher, your boss, the president, etc.) tells you is the right thing to do.

• You're sacrificing your critical thinking skills when you blindly follow what someone else says without scrutinizing it.

Religious Absolutism

• Doing whatever your religion, deity, or sacred text says is right.

• Like the authoritarian moral theory, it can be dangerous to blindly follow any authority.

• There is enduring controversy over which religion is the "correct" one.

• Historically, religion has been used to justify many actions generally considered immoral.

Moral Relativism

• Believing that morality is completely subjective and each person decides for themselves what they think is right.

• Implies that you can't pass judgment on anybody for anything, assuming they're doing what they believe is right.

• Becomes contradictory-what if you believe an action is wrong and another person believes the same action is right? According to moral relativism, the action would then seem to be both right and wrong.

Cultural Relativism

• Believing that whatever your culture approves of is the right thing for you to do.

• Has the same problems as moral relativism.

• How do you determine what counts as a culture or group? And what if there is disagreement within that group?

Religious Relativism

• Believing that whatever your religion approves of is the right thing for you to do.

• Has the same problems as the other relativism theories.

1 page 150-175 words

Reference no: EM132184941

Identify a model and explain why you chose the model

Identify a model and explain why you chose this model, comparing its merits against its shortcomings. Include a discussion on how you might adjust for or mitigate the shortc

Explain what this means and its importance

"People don't want to be managed, they want to be led." Explain what this means and its importance and implications for developing your own style and leadership philosophy.

High co-occurrence with depression

Can someone help with describing the connection between an illness that has a high co-occurrence with depression and the factors that account for its high co-occurrence with

Describe your personality type according to personality test

Describe your personality type according to the personality test results. Describe the advantages of working with those with differing personality types. Descr

Briefly explain the concept of information intelligence

Explain the concept of Information Intelligence keep in mind as following points:- • Introduction and Methodology • Purpose of this report • Doping: Serious Criminal Offence

Effective and least effective for the country you researched

Explain which of the policies is most effective and least effective for the country you researched? Provide a rationale with your answer.

Economic-political environment in nigeria

The economic/political environment in Nigeria-how will this influence the difficulty in hiring local staff or recruiting expatriates to come work in Nigeria? How will this i

Position from band room

A class of physics students recorded and graphed her position every 2.0s, noting that she moved 2.6m every 2.0s. Odina was 25m from the band room at 58s.


Write a Review

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd