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What environmental problems do open dumps cause
Course:- Other Subject
Length: 500 Words
Reference No.:- EM13789074




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Define important terms, and explain why the topic is important to the reader.For this assignment's introduction, you willanswer the following questions:

What is municipal solid waste?

How was waste dealt with before industrialization?

Why did this process have to change?

Body of Paper

The body of your paper should consist of several paragraphs, one to address each of the main topics of your paper.For this week's assignment, address the following points with at least 1 paragraph each:

1. Describe an open dump. What environmental problems do open dumps cause?

2. Describe an early landfill, and how these differ from open dumps. What problems are associated with early landfills?This should include a discussion of leachate, methane, incomplete decomposition, and settling.

3. Describe a modern landfill.What are the differences as compared to early landfills?

4. Choose 1 of the following landfills, and explain the innovations being implemented to make the landfill more productive and to reduce its environmental impact:

o Mariannhill Landfill, South Africa
o Puente Hills Landfill, California
o Altamont Landfill, California
o Tessman Road Landfill, Texas

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Introduction

Municipal solid waste is defined as the trash and garbage that consists of everyday items, discarded or waste food materials. These materials are used to be collected from various sources including household and small/large mills to decompose into thelandfill. Earlier these waste materials used to be decomposed in open land. Owing to the huge mass of solid non-degradable materials, the main problem in thepresent world is to decompose these materials. Decomposing these huge masses is still deleterious as they have potential to contaminate ground water and threat public health (Ongondo, Williams & Cherrett, 2011).

Since the solid waste are challenges for living system (ecosystem) and land space it is necessary to find a permanent solution, where they can be decomposed and can be converted into simpler agents (chemical structures). The simplification of waste materials is possible by employing engineering process. Utilizing process such as pyrolysis, gasification, fermentation and emission process, conversion of these materials into therequisite non-hazardous matter is possible.




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