What biases could they have in making the decision

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Reference no: EM13843121

Case Study 1

Students will complete a short case study of a business situation which can be found under week 6 content. The case study is in this document. This assignment has two parts:

Required Elements to include in Case Study:

Part 1:

In week four we examined biases that occur in making decisions as individuals and the effect they can have upon the process. In week five, we focused on individuals making decisions within an organization and in week six group decision making within the organization.

In this part of the assignment you are asked to evaluate not only the decision that must be made but who is best suited to make the decision for the organization. In order to do this you must isolate the decision that must be made - the nature or type of the decision. Then, evaluate the individuals (father and daughter) in terms of the material presented in weeks four and five.

• What biases could they have in making the decision?
• What decision making styles do they have?
• What skill levels do they possess in making a decision?
• How does the information from the previous three questions make them the best or worst candidate for making the decision?
• Substantiate your conclusions with the class material and be specific in your analysis.

Part 2:

In part two, you are asked to look at the decision that needs to be made and determine if it should be made by a group or an individual.

• Explain why a group would or would not work best based on potential bias to the issues, expertise level in making the decision, the need for change, and the stakeholder involved in the process.

• Give your reasoning behind your conclusion with substantiation from the class material.

Then, regardless of your conclusion, assume that you conclude that a group is best.

• Select how the group would best be formed.
• Who would you include in the group?
• Who would be leading the group?
• How would the group operate (type of group structure)?
• How would the company's leaders (Father and Daughter) interface with the group and the process?
• What degree of authority does the group have in making the decision?
• Be sure to explain bias in your selection of people for the team.
• Again, all your conclusions must be substantiated with the class material and/or outside resources.
Required Formatting of Paper:
• This report should be double spaced, in narrative format, 12-point font, and 5-6 pages in length excluding the title page and reference page;
• Title page with your name, the course name, the date, and instructor's name;
• Include a reference page;
• Use headings to separate the different sections;
• Write in the third person;"
• Use APA formatting for in-text citations and reference page. You are expected to paraphrase and not use direct quotes. Deductions will be taken when direct quotes are used and found to be unnecessary;
• Submit the paper in the Assignment Folder.

Case Study 2- American Tool and Die

As the sun rose on a crisp fall morning, Kelly Mueller's Learjet touched down onto a small airstrip outside Tupelo, Mississippi, and taxied toward the hangar, where a festive crowd gathered to await the arrival of Toyota's CEO. This morning, the governor of Mississippi, along with local politicians and business leaders from the automobile industry, would celebrate the construction of a new Toyota plant on a 1,700-acre site in Blue Springs. The new plant would produce 150,000 Highlander sport utility vehicles each year. The energy and enthusiasm of the crowd was palpable. The new plant would give hope to a local community that had been hit hard by the recession.

The purpose of Mueller's visit was to assess new business opportunities for the company she ran for her father, Vince Brofft, CEO of American Tool & Die (AT&D). Mueller joined the company in 1998 after working for 15 years as an engineer at two U.S. automakers. Then, after seven successful years as chief operations officer at AT&D, this scrappy dynamo convinced her father she was ready to be president. Energetic and tireless, Mueller took over the helm of AT&D, an auto parts manufacturer that sold braking and ignition systems directly to the top three U.S. automakers. Mueller was a mover and while she did her homework she liked to make decisions quickly and by herself. Having worked in large organizations before she often had to make decisions with others and while she could do this the thought that she would get to do things on her own in the small business was intoxicating. With 195 employees, AT&D was located in Farmington Hills, Michigan, among dozens of other automobile parts suppliers in the Upper Midwest. AT&D, established in 1912 by Mueller's great uncle, had a long history in Farmington Hills. Mueller had often talked with employees who would recount stories about their fathers or grandfathers working in the same Farmington Hills plant-the last of the original manufacturing operations in town.

Mueller was in Mississippi to research moving AT&D's plant close to a foreign automaker. The foreign automakers, particularly Honda and Toyota, had been quickly grabbing market share away from the big three automakers, who had severely cut production as the economy worsened. As inventory started stacking up on dealer lots, U.S. automakers curtailed production in order to cope with the sudden drop in demand. Next, they put the squeeze on parts suppliers to lower prices. That's when AT&D leaders started feeling the crunch and watching their financial picture turn grim.

Mueller faced an unprecedented challenge to survive this economic downturn and save her family's company. She pleaded with her father to think creatively and shake up the status quo at AT&D to avoid bankruptcy. Her plan was to forge into new markets and court foreign automakers. This plan would require closing the plant in Michigan and opening one near the new Toyota facilities in Mississippi. Her father adamantly resisted this plan even though he knew she was right. "Dad," a recent text message explained, "we have opportunities here in Mississippi. There's no future in Michigan. We can't sit around waiting for the big three to come back! It's adapt or die!"

Back at the Farmington Hills plant, Brofft pondered his daughter's "adapt or die" theory and considered an alternative to moving the plant to Mississippi-a move that would cause 195 employees to lose their livelihood in a small, close-knit community. Brofft agonized over choices that could dismantle a company that his family had built. He was sickened by the prospect of laying off employees who were like family. He didn't want to move but the thought of leaving Michigan was paralyzing the decision process. He always made decisions in the past by consulting with his plant manager and good friend Joe Carney. Now he had to let his daughter in on the process and he just wasn't sure he could open his mind to her ideas. As an alternative to moving the plant, Brofft considered ways to stay in Michigan. The only feasible option was to drastically cut payroll costs. To do so, he needed support from the local union.

Brofft called a meeting with the plant manager and union leaders to explain AT&D's dire financial situation. He urged them to make concessions in the employee compensation agreement and explained that these plans would save the company from certain bankruptcy. Assuming he could win their support, Brofft proposed three strategies to the local union reps to keep the company financially afloat: (1) reduce worker wages by 10 percent for one year; (2) mandate a two-week, unpaid furlough at the end of December; and (3) downsize the number of employees by 30 percent. Exasperated, the local union leaders could barely restrain their anger. They were adamantly opposed to all three ideas. Yet probing beyond the fray, Brofft sensed the fear that lurked under the union reps' gruff exterior. He sensed their vulnerability, but could not break through the reactionary bark that protected it. If union leaders would not cooperate, the plant would have to move and everyone in Farmington Hills would suffer.

In the meantime, Mueller held several successful presentations with local Toyota executives while in Mississippi. "I've made progress, Dad," she said in a voice mail. "I can tell it's going to be a long and drawn-out process, but they are very impressed with our product and historical strength. They've agreed to another meeting next month."

Reference no: EM13843121

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