Reference no: EM132280387
Hello class,I hope everyone is starting their week off great and had a relaxing weekend! This week we are discussing computer and environmental crimes, the usage of computer databases to help aid in criminal investigations, and crime analysis as a tool. In the 1970s serial killer Ted Bundy was labeled as a suspect after tons of information was entered in a computer database system by Robert Keppel. The computer system analyzes so much more than the human brain can even comprehend.
The Homicide Investigation Tracking System better known as (HITS) was developed by Keppel after the successful outcome on the Ted Buddy case as well as leading the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to invent the Computer Aided Tracking and Characterization of Homicides (CATCH). Combined there are 13,000 files of violent homicides and cases of sexual assault in the system being processed and analyzed, only two of the programs in existence have a better information database. (Siuru, B. 2000)
In the above paragraph answering question one, the Computer Aided Tracking and Characterization of Homicides CATCH program, developed in Washington state with a grant from the National Institute of Justice, is being used to gather all of the cases that are similar in nature and "Find hidden patterns in complex data like the HITS database" (Siuru, B. 2000). Geospatial technology is one of the most important tools that can be used in criminal investigations, both in larger crimes as well as petty crimes.
The technology uses GPS or a global positioning system most commonly found in every cell phone, computers, cars and other electronics systems.(ICT, 2017).
Law-enforcement can use GPS to track locations where victims might have been abducted or locate a suspect using electric devices, or driving vehicles that are GPS tagged. It can basically be used as a map or an evidence trail to aid in the arrest and prosecution of a suspect. GIS other known as geographical information system provides law-enforcement with infrastructure's, demographics, and offender tracking. (ICT, 2017)
Siuru, B. (2000). Artificial intelligence helps solve serial crimes. Law & Order, 48(6), 53-54.
ICT, Geospatial technology a critical tool in crime fighting. (2017, Feb 02). ICT Monitor Worldwide
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