Reference no: EM13259891
1. The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 did what?
A) Limit federal judges’ discretion
B) Reduce disparity
C) Promote consistency and uniformity
D) Increase fairness and equity
E) All the above
2. What effect did United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005) have on the courts?
A) Invalidated any state sentencing schema that allowed judges, rather than juries, to determine any factor that increases a criminal sentence, except for prior convictions.
B) Held a Career Criminal could be adjudged and sentenced all in a single hearing.
C) Held the Sixth Amendment right to jury trial requires only facts admitted by a defendant or proved beyond a reasonable doubt may be used to calculate a sentence. The maximum sentence a judge may impose can be based upon those facts.
D) Held judges cannot accept plea bargains that would have resulted in sentences lower than the minimum required by law for a particular type of offense.
3. A Presentence Investigation Report (PSI) is?
A) An investigative report into the history of a convicted person
B) Contained in the police officer’s criminal report of the crime.
C) No longer used by the courts due to Tennessee v. Garner.
D) Are only done when requested by the defense.
4. Restorative programs are characterized by which key value:
A) Encounter: Create opportunities for victims, offenders and community members to meet to discuss the crime and its aftermath.
B) Amends: Expect offenders to take steps to repair the harm they have caused.
C) Reintegration: Seek to restore victims and offenders to whole, contributing members of society.
D) Inclusion: Allow parties with a stake in a specific crime to participate in its resolution.
E) All are key values of Restorative Justice.
5. Day fines are fines that are levied proportionally according to the severity of the crime and the _________________________________?
A) Strength of the criminal case.
B) The amount of money spent on the criminal investigation.
C) How much money the victim demands.
D) Financial resources of the offender
6.Which are characteristics of parole?
A) Subjects generally avoid prison time, is a sentencing decision made by a judge and subject must abide by conditions or risk revocation.
B) Offenders must spend time in prison before release, it is an administrative decision made by paroling authority and subject must abide by conditions or risk revocation.
C) None are characteristics of parole.
D) Both are characteristics of parole.
7. The Samson v. California, 547 U.S. 843 (2006) held?
A) Probation Officers are not prohibited from conducting a warrantless search of a person who is subject to a parole search condition, even when there is no suspicion of criminal wrongdoing and the sole reason for the search is because the person is on parole.
B) Probation officers may conduct searches of a probationer’s residence without a search warrant or probable cause.
C) Probation cannot be revoked for failure to pay a fine and make restitution if it could not be shown the defendant was responsible for the failure…alternative forms of punishment must be considered before imposing a prison sentence.
D) Police officers are not prohibited from conducting a warrantless search of a person who is subject to a parole search condition, even when there is no suspicion of criminal wrongdoing and the sole reason for the search is because the person is on parole.
8. GRIFFIN v. WISCONSIN, 483 U.S. 868 (1987) held?
A) Probation officers may conduct searches of a probationer’s residence without a search warrant or probable cause.
B) Expanded the search authority normally reserved for probation and parole officers to police officers under certain circumstances.
C) Police officers may conduct searches of a probationer’s residence without a search warrant or probable cause.
D) All the above