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Operations and information management
Course:- Supply Chain Management
Length: 3500 words
Reference No.:- EM13835493




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Operations and Information Management

Assignment

Lean came to prominence in the academic literature during the mid-1980s as a result of the increased curiosity surrounding the 'secret' of practical Japanese manufacturing techniques such as Just-In-Time (JIT) and the Toyota Production System (TPS) in particular.  In recent years though, there has been a shift in focus towards the notion of lean thinking and a view of lean within a broader strategic context. Moreover, lean thinking has been implemented within services, healthcare, construction and other industries. Despite this, however, many authors still argue that lean is only truly applicable to large scale production.

You are asked to provide a critical discussion on the implementation of lean which addresses the following questions:

1)     Is there a best way to implement lean? (50%)

2)     Are all organisations suitable for lean implementation? (50%)

You are expected to provide appropriate examples to illustrate your answers. 

This coursework should follow a structured approach and should be prepared and presented as a professional business report. You should undertake a relevant literature review that helps inform your investigation. Please also ensure that the Harvard Referencing System is adhered to and fully complied with.

Write your response in 3500 words count.

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Operations and Information Management
Table of Contents

Introduction 3
1. Is there a best way to implement lean? 3
2. Are all organisations suitable for lean implementation? 7
Conclusion 11
References 12


Introduction
Lean can be defined as the recognition and abolition of process waste for the purpose of enhancing customer value and delivering quality products to consumers. As per Swank (2003) the chief forms of forms are; over production (products which customers do not need), defects (failure to follow the customers’ requirements), needless inventory, unsuitable or over processing (needless activities that do not add value), too much transportation, waiting and redundant motion (needless movement by employees). Lean aids companies to eradicate all these waste and ultimately deliver a finely processed product or service to consumer that result to high customer satisfaction and customer loyalty in the end (Swank, 2003).

Similarly, Abdi, Shavarini and Hoseini (2006) also stated that Lean is a production practice that targets waste minimisation alongside complete value streams and generate more value for customer. In this manner, Lean has become a necessity for organisations in the current era, considering their ever growing need to deliver high value and unique products and services to customers (Abdi, Shavarini and Hoseini, 2006).

However, though Lean has gain huge recognition in the world after Toyota Company implemented and gain benefits from it, but still the best way of Lean implementation is not clear. Many of the companies still fail to implement Lean in an effective manner and end up generating even more problem for them. In this context, this report details out if there is any best way to implement Lean or not, and if yes then what is it. Further, the discussion in this report is also aimed at critically analysing the suitability of Lean to organisations apart from large production practices.




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