How will changes in the quantity supplied

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Reference no: EM13781876

Thomas Money Service Inc. has been in business since 1940. It started out as a consumer finance company granting small loans for household needs. Over the following 5 years, the company expanded its services by issuing business loans, business acquisition financing, and commercial real estate loans.

In 1946, the decision was made to branch out into equipment financing. A subsidiary named Future Growth Inc. (FGI) was established. This decision turned out to be very lucrative. Because of the end of World War II, society had a huge demand for construction and forestry equipment. Because of increasing demand for this type of equipment, FGI decided to make a very daring move in 1951 and purchased an equipment manufacturing company. Now they could build, sell, and finance their own brand of building and forestry equipment. FGI discontinued financing other brands of equipment.

For 67 years, FGI had been able to truthfully state that they have continuously increased profits year after year, even during economic downturns, and have never laid off workers. This track record has allowed their stock to grow from $5.00 to $85.60 with six stock splits from 1975 to 1998. FGI has never issued bonds, and the present stock value is $35

The current global downturn has caused the American economy to suffer. Oregon, Washington, and several other forestry states have encountered flooding, massive fires, and protest from animal activists. For the first time in FGI history, profits declined-down 30% from last year-and they had to lay off one-third of their workforce.

The falling economy has also caused a drop in new-home sales: sales dropped 30% from the prior year and additional declines are expected. This has caused a domino effect throughout the entire construction industry. Not all sectors, however, are being hit equally by the economy. Hospitals and nursing homes still have a demand for new buildings.

Data

  • There are currently many domestic and international companies manufacturing construction and forestry equipment. Each company's equipment offers slightly different features and functions, which allows the market to supply many substitutes.
  • FGI has repossessed over 500 pieces of equipment during the past year. They have bundled the pieces together and determined an average price for each piece. The present selling price is $1,732. Below are the demand figures for each price.

Demand data in millions in the past years

Price                      Demand

1,990.1                   123

1,732.0                   182

1,634.3                   350

1,252.0                   380

732.1                     400

622.3                     456

  • In recent years, FGI had decreased its advertisement revenue, selecting to have a commercial during the Super Bowl and a few other sporting events.

FGI has cut down on manufacturing because of lack of demand. Below is the combined production cost for construction and forestry equipment. What level of demand generates the greatest net income?

OUTPUT 

PRICE

MARGINAL REVENUE

TOTAL REVENUE

TOTAL COST

FIXED COST

VARIABLE COST

MARGINAL COST

AVERAGE

FIXED COST

AVERAGE

VARIABLE COST

AVERAGE

TOTAL COST

0

 

 

 

 

$990.0

 

 

 

 

 

1

$2,600.0

$2,600.0

$2,600.0

$1,050.0

$990.0

$60.0

$60.0

$990.0

$60.0

$1,050.0

2

$2,500.0

$2,400.0

$5,000.0

$1,100.0

$990.0

$110.0

$50.0

$495.0

$55.0

$550.0

3

$2,400.0

$2,200.0

$7,200.0

$1,145.0

$990.0

$155.0

$45.0

$330.0

$51.7

$381.7

4

$2,300.0

$2,000.0

$9,200.0

$1,200.0

$990.0

$210.0

$55.0

$247.5

$52.5

$300.0

5

$2,200.0

$1,800.0

$11,000.0

$1,262.0

$990.0

$272.0

$62.0

$198.0

$54.4

$252.4

6

$2,100.0

$1,600.0

$12,600.0

$1,335.0

$990.0

$345.0

$73.0

$165.0

$57.5

$222.5

7

$2,000.0

$1,400.0

$14,000.0

$1,423.0

$990.0

$433.0

$88.0

$141.4

$61.9

$203.3

8

$1,900.0

$1,200.0

$15,200.0

$1,517.0

$990.0

$527.0

$94.0

$123.8

$65.9

$189.6

9

$1,800.0

$1,000.0

$16,200.0

$1,637.0

$990.0

$647.0

$120.0

$110.0

$71.9

$181.9

10

$1,700.0

$800.0

$17,000.0

$1,772.0

$990.0

$782.0

$135.0

$99.0

$78.2

$177.2

11

$1,600.0

$600.0

$17,600.0

$1,917.0

$990.0

$927.0

$145.0

$90.0

$84.3

$174.3

12

$1,500.0

$400.0

$18,000.0

$2,091.0

$990.0

$1,101.0

$174.0

$82.5

$91.8

$174.3

You will apply economic principles presented in Weeks One through Three in this week's assignment. Your assignment will be reviewed by your peers and by your facilitator in week five and should be revised as necessary based on feedback as the first part of the final assignment in week six. 

Select a new, realistic good or service for an existing industry.

Write the economic analysis section of a business proposal.  This will include statements about the market structure and the elasticity of demand for the good or service, based on text book principles. You need to create hypothetical data, based on similar real world products to estimate fixed and variable costs.

Required Elements:

  • Identify market structure
  • Identify elasticity of the product
  • Include rationale for the following questions:
    • How will pricing relate to elasticity of your product?
    • How will changes in the quantity supplied as a result of your pricing decisions affect marginal cost and marginal revenue?
    • Besides your pricing decisions, what are your suggested nonpricing strategies? What nonpricing strategies will you use to increase barriers to entry?
    • How could changes in your business operations alter the mix of fixed and variable costs in line with your strategy?

Reference no: EM13781876

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