How many of each category did you find

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Reference no: EM13264626 , Length: 700 words

1. Here is the vocabulary of a young child. Identify the category of each word. Do this be rearranging the words in the table into 6 lists, one for each category. Divide the list of general nominals into semantic classes, and give a name to each class.

that

nice

hand

eat

baby

peekaboo

sit

sticky

car

window

shoe

ok

dog

hug

noisy

orange (fruit)

up

ball

see

more

Dad

truck

door

horsie

oh

cold

cookie

Mom

chicken

lollipop

cat

drink (action)

bed

all-gone

mouse

there

hi

bear (animal)

birdie

again

uh-oh

bye-bye

teddy (toy bear)

blanket

no

foot

sheep

sleep

night-night

man

sock

where

keys

Eric

belly

nose

happy

bunny

book

hello

on

banana

down

apple

a. We have said that children don't normally learn the names of large background items early. How can you explain the fact that this child knows both door and window?

b. How many of each category did you find?

c. Is this the distribution you would expect?

2. Here are some examples of over-extension found in the speech of different children. For each word, you will see a list that first gives the initial referent, and then lists later uses. For each word, say what the unifying features are that can explain the overextension.

    word                       initial referent            later uses

a. kyabetsu (cabbage)   cabbage                   lettuce, spinach, silverbeet

b. iruka (dolphin)          dolphins                   seal, shark, whale, large fish

c. kuruma (car)            car                          taxi, truck, tractor

d. umi (sea)                 ocean                      lake, river, swimming pool

e. tomato                     cherry tomatoes        strawberries, cherries

f. shui (water)               water                       tea, juice, coca-cola, milk

3. Define the following terms in your own words (do not copy from the textbook or the lecture notes). Your definitions should be BRIEF.

a. object scope

b. associative learning

4. Answer the following questions in your own words (do not copy from the textbook or the lecture notes). Your answers should be BRIEF.

a. Give one argument to support the innateness of mutual exclusivity.

b. Give an alternative, non-innate explanation for object scope.

5. Look at these examples from the speech of various children ages 3 to 4. In each example, what is the child doing that is different from adult speech? (Note: there can be more then one thing going on in an example.) How can you explain these differences? What patterns in English could have led to them?

a. I see lots and lots of sheeps.

b. Did you builded it?

c. Adult: Behave. Child: I'm being have [pronounced: /hev/].

d. I drived the car.

e. I want cheese. Cheese my noodles.

f. Mommy boughted it for me.

g. There's butter on my bread. I don't want butter on my bread. Unbutter my bread.

h. The baby's thirsty. Let's drink her.

Reference no: EM13264626

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