Foreign exchange hedging using foreign currency derivatives

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Reference no: EM13201196

Foreign Exchange Hedging using Foreign Currency Derivatives:

Scout Finch is the Chief Financial Officer [CFO] of Dayton Manufacturing, a U.S. based manufacturer of gas turbine equipment. She has just concluded negotiations for the sale of a turbine generator to Crown, a British firm for One million pounds. This single sale is quite large in relation to Dayton's present business. Dayton has no other current foreign customers, so the currency risk of this sale is of particular concern. The sale is made in March with payment due three months later in June. Scout Finch has collected the following financial market information for the analysis of her currency exposure problem:

  • Spot  Exchange rate: $1.7640 per British pound.
  • Three  month forward rate: $1.7549 per pound (a 2.2676% p. a. discount on the pound)
  • Dayton's cost of capital: 12%
  • U.K. three month borrowing interest  rate: 10.0% (or 2.5% per quarter)
  • U.K. three month investment interest  rate: 8.0% (or 2% per quarter)
  • U.S. three month borrowing interest  rate: 8.0% ( or 2.0% per quarter)
  • U.S. three month investment interest  rate: 6.0% (or 1.5% per quarter)
  • June  put option in the over-the-counter (bank) market for 1,000,000 British  pounds;

Strike price $1.75 (nearly at-the money) 1.5% premium

  • June  put option in the over-the counter (bank) market for 1,000,000 British  pounds:

Strike price $1.71 (out-of-the money) 1.0% premium

  • Dayton's foreign exchange advisory  service forecasts that the spot rate in there months will be $1.76 per  British pound.

Like many manufacturing firms, Dayton operates on relatively narrow margins. Although Ms. Finch and Dayton would be very happy if the pound appreciated versus the dollars, concerns center on the possibility that the pound will fall. When Ms. Finch budgeted this specific contract, she determined that the minimum acceptable margin was at a sale price of $1,700,000. The budget rate, the lowest acceptable dollar per pound exchange rate, was therefore established at $1.70 per British pound. Any exchange rate below would result in Dayton actually losing money on the transaction.

Four alternatives are available to Dayton to manage the exposure:

  1. Remain  un-hedged.
  2. Hedge  in the forward market.
  3. Hedge  in the money market.
  4. Hedge  in the options market. What should Dayton do?

Reference no: EM13201196

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