Explain radical distinction between war and civil life

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Reference no: EM131432268

1. Which would be an example of acting from duty, according to Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals:

Respecting others because you want them to like you. 

Keeping one's promise because that's what everyone should always do. 

Being honest with my customers in order to increase my company's profits. 

All of the above

2. According to Nagel in "War and Massacre," which of the following may be permitted by absolutism, at least in some circumstances?

Intentionally killing an innocent person

Doing something that brings about an innocent person's death

Dropping a nuclear bomb on an enemy city

Torturing an innocent person

3. According to Kant in the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, suicide is:

Respecting others because you want them to like you. 

Keeping one's promise because that's what everyone should always do. 

Being honest with my customers in order to increase my company's profits. 

All of the above

4. According to Immanuel Kant, the value of a good will lies in:

how much it can contribute to society. 

how clever it is at finding the best means to its ends. 

the good feelings it produces in the person who has it

none of the above. 

5. In Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant claims that a good will is:

something that can only be called good with qualification. 

the only thing that can be called good without qualification. 

that which makes qualified goods like character traits morally good.

both B and C

6. Jeremy Waldron argues that drone warfare is neither ethical nor effective because it

envisions a world of death lists and death squads

promotes the growth of terrorism

inhibits the development of counter-terrorism strategies

all of the above

7. Nagel's argument in "War and Massacre" that hostility or aggression should be directed at its true object means that which of the following would probably not be permissible?

Torturing a prisoner to get the names of his confederates. 

Attacking an enemy country's agricultural system. 

Bombing major cultural centers. 

All of the above

8. In the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals Kant explains that respect for a person is:

the recognition of the worth of the person's potential contribution to society.

dependent upon whether the person respects others.

both A and B

none of the above

9. According to Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, which of these is not important to morality?

duty 

moral law 

reason

None of the above. 

10. In the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals Kant claims that to act on 'duty' is

to act out of the fear of God 

to act from a self-seeking purpose

to act out of respect for law 

to act because you want to

11. A deontological theory of morality regards moral actions as:

proceeding from virtuous character 

based on duty 

relative to each person's desires         

based on the best consequences

12. Kant's theory of morality is best described as:

Deontological 

Based on divine commands 

Relativistic 

Utilitarian

13. In the article "War and Massacre," Thomas Nagel argues that utilitarianism

is primarily concerned with absolute rules 

is primary concerned with what will happen 

is primarily concerned with what a person is doing 

is primarily concerned with universal law

14. In Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant claims that "reason":

should be put at the service of fulfilling our own desires. 

should be put at the service of fulfilling other people's desires. 

should determine itself independently of desire.

both A and B 

15. Michael Walzer argues that in the unique world of war, both morality and authority are

radically contested

established by rules of war

established by neutral states

none of the above

16. In Kant Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, the maxim of an act is:

the policy or principle that you would be following if you did it.

the expected overall utility resulting from the action.

the moral rule that an act either respects or violates .

all of the above

17. According to Nagel in "War and Massacre," to which of the following groups of people is hostility most appropriately aimed?

Innocents  

Civilians  

Combatants  

Non-combatants

18. A false promise, according to Kant, is:

something that I could never will to be universal law.

something that I could will to be universal law only when it benefits the majority.

something that I could will to be universal law only when it benefits me.

something that I could will to be universal law only when it prevents a greater wrong.

19. Michael Walzer argues that there is a radical distinction between war and civil life because

war is an intensely collective and collectivizing experience

the circumstances of war are intensely coercive in ways not found elsewhere in society war is a world of pervasive uncertainty

all of the above

20. In the video "What is Just War Theory?" Michael Walzer states that a core idea of Just War Theory

requires us to imagine the rules of war as they would apply to a peaceful, civil society

requires us to judge the conduct of a war independently of the character of the war

requires us to imagine that a war is like a bank robbery, and that the just warrior defending his country has rights the unjust warrior

invading his country does not have

none of the above

Reference no: EM131432268

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