>> Accounting Basics
Milestone One Guidelines
The first milestone is a rough draft of the first artifact for your professional portfolio, financial statements and analysis. You will complete a set of financials as described in the appendix section of the prompt below for a fictitious company called Chester Inc. You will then submit a report of your findings and recommendations. This will be graded using the rubric at the end of this document and is an opportunity for you to organize your thoughts and receive feedback from your instructor for the final submission. You should note that the submission guidelines for this milestone are less demanding than those for the final submission. Once you have submitted this milestone and received feedback from your instructor, it is up to you to incorporate this feedback and complete the artifact by meeting the submission guidelines found in the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric document.
Client One - Chester, Inc. (Financial Statements and Analysis)
Chester, Inc. is a large, publicly traded client at S.N.H.U., LLC. Your task is to develop a comprehensive, professional report for the board of directors. To do this, you will use Chester, Inc.'s trial balance to compose comparative financial statements, analyze data, and interpret results. These financial statements must be in good form in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Next, you will assess the performance of Chester, Inc. using the financial statements that you created, along with industry performance data and the financial statements of a competitor. In addition, Chester, Inc. is considering expanding into the global market. They would like you to highlight key areas of the financial statements you have prepared and identify how they would be reported differently if composed under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) rather than GAAP.
Background and Financial Information
Chester, Inc. is a large, publicly traded client operating in athletic wear including clothing, shoes, and accessories. Direct competitors include Columbia Sportswear Company (COLM - NYSE) and Under Armour, Inc. (UA - NYSE). All of these companies operate in the textile-apparel clothing industry. Chester Inc. operates on a calendar year.
Reference the Milestone One Chester Inc. Trial Balance spreadsheet for the past three years' financials (2013, 2014, and 2015).
Land with the land improvements were sold at book value (no gain or loss) in 2014. (Note: To evaluate the sale, use the following accounts: land, building and land improvements, and Other Noncurrent Assets)
New equipment purchased with cash for $2,739,067 in 2014
New storage building purchased with cash for $135,000 in 2015
No investments have been sold or purchased in 2014 or 2015
There are currently 8,275,000 shares of common stock outstanding. No additional common stock has been sold or repurchased in any of the aforementioned years.
Artifact One: Financial Statements and Analysis
The first artifact that you will include in your portfolio is the comprehensive, professional report that you create for the board of directors of Chester, Inc.-a large publicly traded client at S.N.H.U., LLC. The report should contain your findings with the financial statements package as an appendix (Excel attachment).
Incorporate the feedback that you receive from your instructor during the development of this artifact.
Appendix: These sections should be completed first, before you write your report. Use the proper format for each section in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and note and explain differences under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) where appropriate:
Statement of retained earnings
Statement of cash flows (indirect method)
- Liquidity - minimum of three key ratios with supporting calculations with a minimum of three years of data
- Profitability - minimum of three key ratios with supporting calculations with a minimum of three years of data
- Solvency - minimum of three key ratios with supporting calculations with a minimum of three years of data
Vertical and horizontal analysis
- Both vertical and horizontal for the income statement with a minimum of three years of data
- Both vertical and horizontal for the balance sheet with a minimum of three years of data