Reference no: EM131225124
Question 1. During which period of development do thought and language expand at an astounding pace?
Question 2. Which of the following theories assumes stages to be universal?
the psychoanalytic perspective
social learning theory
ecological systems theory
Question 3. In his research, Professor Geragos has found that in industrialized nations, the transition to adult roles has become increasingly prolonged. This period of development is called
Question 4. According to the __________ view of development, the difference between the immature and the mature being is simply one of amount or complexity.
Question 5. __________ brings together researchers from psychology, biology, neuroscience, and medicine to study the relationship between changes in the brain and the developing child's cognitive processing and behavior patterns.
Ecological systems theory
Developmental cognitive neuroscience
Evolutionary developmental psychology
Question 6. A child born into a !Kung family in Botswana, Africa, is likely to
be encouraged by adults to play with twigs and stones.
be encouraged by adults to exchange objects with others.
have numerous toys carved from trees.
receive little training in social skills until age 5.
Question 7. Children who __________ tend to be more resilient.
have difficulty inhibiting negative impulses
grow up with siblings
are easygoing and sociable
attend private schools
Question 8. Professor Santiago regards child development as a discontinuous process. Professor Santiago's belief is consistent with
social learning theory.
Question 9. Dr. Tu's flowchart tracks the steps children use to enter an ongoing play group. Dr. Tu is using the __________ approach.
Question 10. The field of child development is interdisciplinary because
it has grown through the combined efforts of people from many fields.
it is motivated largely by theoretical questions.
it deals mostly with applied concerns.
studies are carried out mainly by psychologists.
Question 11. According to Piaget's cognitive-developmental theory,
as the brain develops and children's experiences expand, they move through four stages, each with its own distinct way of thinking.
the human mind is analogous to a symbol-manipulating system through which information flows.
the frequency of a particular behavior can be increased by following it with a reinforcer.
social interaction between children and more knowledgeable members of society leads to more advanced ways of thinking.
Question 12. Laws that recognized that children needed protection from people who might mistreat them emerged during
the twentieth century.
Question 13. An organized family life
is not possible today because parents and children have too little time together.
yields a structured home that can interfere with exploration and healthy development.
provides a supportive context for warm, involved parent child interaction, which is essential to children's well-being.
is limited to two-parent families with economic advantages.
Question 14. __________'s philosophy characterizes children as doing little to influence their own
James Mark Baldwin
Question 15. Of the Western nations, __________ has the highest percentage of extremely poor children.
the United Kingdom
the United States
Question 16. In collectivist societies,
people stress group goals over individual goals.
people are largely concerned with personal needs.
a high priority is placed on the privacy of family life.
people give equal priority to group and individual goals.
Question 17. Development is often divided into which three broad domains?
physical, cognitive, and emotional and social
social, cognitive, and spiritual
cognitive, spiritual, and physical
psychological, sociological, and ecological
Question 18. Which of the following statements is true about the stability view of development?
Theorists who emphasize stability believe that children who are low in anxiety will outgrow that characteristic at later ages.
Theorists who emphasize stability believe that children who are high in sociability will remain so at later ages.
Theorists who emphasize stability believe that development is open to change in response to influential experiences.
Theorists who emphasize stability hold a more optimistic view of development than those who emphasize plasticity.
Question 19. Gene's parents believe that their son's thoughts, emotions, and behavior differ considerably from those of adults. Gene's parents view development as
having many courses.
having one course.
Question 20. In Freud's __________ stage of development, the superego is formed and children feel guilty when they violate it.
Question 21. The goal of TANF is to
Answers: guarantee governmental financial aid to all needy families.
encourage families to become self-sufficient.
promote the development of children in poverty.
raise the economic well-being of families with children, regardless of employment.
Question 22. American psychologist James Mark Baldwin
viewed the child as a noble savage.
emphasized nature over nurture.
viewed the child as a blank slate.
believed that neither the child nor the environment controlled development.
Question 23. Both __________ and __________ emphasize one course of development.
Answers: psychoanalytic theory; behaviorism
sociocultural theory; cognitive-developmental theory
information processing; ethology
dynamic systems theory; ecological systems theory
Question 24. A __________ period is a limited time during which a child is biologically prepared to acquire certain adaptive behaviors but needs the support of an appropriately stimulating environment.
Question 25. In Erikson's __________ psychosocial stage of development, the young person forms a personal identity by exploring values and vocational goals.
intimacy versus isolation
identity versus stagnation
identity versus role confusion
industry versus inferiority