Describe organizational responses to different hazards
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Question: Restate 1 idea (FEMA), concept or topic you have learned in this course, and reflect on how it relates to the course objectives.

Course Objectives

Describe the integration of organizations (federal, state, local, tribal, and private sector) involved in responding to hazards.

Describe organizational responses to different hazards.

Identify the organizations, and their functions, on all levels (federal, state, and local) involved in Emergency Management.

Discuss the types and history of hazards - both natural and man-made.

Discuss and describe the emergency management concepts of, and organizational functions related to, preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery.

Understand the definitions of important emergency management terms such as catastrophe, threats, and mitigations.


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FEMA stands for The Federal Emergency Management Agency. It is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security. FEMA was created in 1978 and was implemented by two executive orders on April 1, 1979. The agency was founded with the primary objective of providing response and relief in cases of natural or man-made disasters that occurred in the United States. In case of a disaster,

the governor of the affected state has to formally request the President to appoint FEMA and the federal government to respond and help the state. Other than responding to disasters, FEMA also provides state and local governments with expert advices in rebuilding efforts and relief funds for infrastructure. FEMA also provides funds for training of staff for response purposes.

There were many debates regarding the status of FEMA. Some of the officials, during the Homeland Security Act in 2002, suggested that FEMA should be allowed to continue as an independent agency but later on its failure to respond to Hurricane Katrina the critics demanded its removal from the Department of Homeland Security. At present, FEMA exists as an agency of the Department of Homeland Security and FEMA’s administrator reports directly to it.

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